Pollution of the North Sea

An Assessment

  • Wim Salomons
  • Brian L. Bayne
  • Egbert Klaas Duursma
  • Ulrich Förstner

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. The North Sea System: Physics, Chemistry, Biology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. P. C. Reid, A. H. Taylor, J. A. Stephens
      Pages 3-19
    3. D. Eisma, G. Irion
      Pages 20-35
    4. W. G. Beeftink, J. Rozema
      Pages 59-87
    5. J. M. Martin, J. C. Brun-Cottan
      Pages 88-99
    6. J. M. Skei, J. Molvaer
      Pages 100-109
    7. P. S. Liss, T. D. Jickells, P. Buat-Ménard
      Pages 110-117
    8. P. de Wolf, J. J. Zijlstra
      Pages 118-151
    9. A. D. McIntyre
      Pages 152-163
    10. J. J. Zijlstra, P. de Wolf
      Pages 164-180
  3. Input and Behavior of Pollutants

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 181-181
    2. R. Wollast
      Pages 183-193
    3. K. J. M. Kramer, J. C. Duinker
      Pages 194-212
    4. A. W. Morris
      Pages 213-224
    5. U. Förstner, W. Salomons
      Pages 225-245
    6. M. Parker
      Pages 246-256
    7. H. Compaan
      Pages 257-274
    8. R. M. van Aalst
      Pages 275-283

About this book

Introduction

This preface is being written at a time of exceptional public interest in the North Sea, following media head­ lines on toxic algal blooms, the mass mortality of common seals, and concern over pollution levels. These headlines may suggest that pollution of the North Sea is a recent event. This is not the case. Although no data are available (methods simply did not exist), it is safe to assume that emission (both into air and water) of heavy metals already started to increase in the 19th cen­ tury. The growth of cities and introduction of sewer sys­ tems led to the discharge of raw sewage and sewage sludge. The introduction of man-made (xenobiotic) organ­ ic chemicals and their subsequent emission into the North Sea commenced before the second world war. The shallower and coastal areas of the North Sea receive the highest concentrations of these pollutants. Not unexpectedly, these areas - some Norwegian fjords, the Dutch coast, the German Bight - show signs of ecosystem deterioration and eutrophication. A certain percentage of the pollutants does not remain in the North Sea but is "exported" to the Atlantic. The North Sea therefore con­ tributes to the global input of pollutants to the world's oceans. The major part of the pollutants accumulate in the North Sea and are incorporated in the bottom sediments. Although they are "out of sight", they should not be "out of mind".

Keywords

Coast Eutrophication biology chemistry contaminants ecosystem ecotoxicology environment estuaries marine mesocosm pollution toxicology transport wetland

Editors and affiliations

  • Wim Salomons
    • 1
  • Brian L. Bayne
    • 2
  • Egbert Klaas Duursma
    • 3
  • Ulrich Förstner
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute for Soil FertilityDelft Hydraulics LaboratoryHaren (Gr)The Netherlands
  2. 2.Plymouth Marine LaboratoryPlymouthUK
  3. 3.Netherland Institute for Sea ResearchDen Burg/TexelThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Arbeitsbereich UmweltschutztechnikTechnische Universität Hamburg-HarburgHamburg 90Fed. Rep. of Germany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-73709-1
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-73711-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-73709-1
  • About this book