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Chemistry of Multiphase Atmospheric Systems

  • Wolfgang Jaeschke

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 6)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XVI
  2. Analytical and Experimental Methodology

  3. Field Studies of Clouds, Fogs and Precipitation

  4. Origin, Distribution and Removal of Atmospheric Trace Compounds in the Presence of Airborne Particles and Liquid Water

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 267-267
    2. D. H. Ehhalt, J. Rudolph, U. Schmidt
      Pages 321-350
    3. D. H. Stedman, J. G. Walega, C. A. Cantrell, J. P. Burrows, G. Tyndall
      Pages 351-366
  5. Chemical Conversions in Multiphase Atmospheric Systems and Their Physico Chemical Investigation

  6. The Role of Multiphase Atmospheric Chemistry in Source-Receptor Considerations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 593-593
    2. Volker A. Mohnen, Jack Calvert, Jerre Wilson
      Pages 595-614
    3. Jack G. Calvert, Brian G. Heikes, William R. Stockwell, Volker A. Mohnen, J. Alistair Kerr
      Pages 615-647
    4. F. W. Lurmann, J. R. Young, G. M. Hidy
      Pages 649-693
    5. Glen E. Gordon
      Pages 695-726
    6. Perry J. Samson, Jennie L. Moody, Jon Kahl, Gerald Keeler
      Pages 727-740
    7. G. H. Kohlmaier, E. O. Siré, U. Fischbach, H. Broehl, M. Ploechl
      Pages 741-761
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 763-775

About these proceedings

Introduction

Rapidly increasing interest in the problems of air pollution and source-receptor relationships has led to a significant expansion of knowledge in the field of atmospheric chemistry. In general the chemistry of atmospheric trace constituents is governed by the oxygen content of the atmosphere. Upon entering the atmosphere in a more or less reduced state, trace substances are oxidized via various pathways and the generated products are often precursors of acidic compounds. Beside oxidation processes occurring in the gas phase, gaseous compounds are often converted into solid aerosol particles. The various steps within gas-to-particle conversion are constantly interacting with condensation processes, which are caused by the tropospheric water content. Thus in addition to the gaseous state, a liquid and solid state exists within the troposphere. The solid phase consists of atmospheric conversion products or fly ash and mineral dust. The liquid phase consists of water, conversion products and soluble compounds. The chemistry occurring within this system is often referred to as hydrogeneous chemistry. The chemist interprets this term, however, more strictly as reactions which occur only at an interphase between phases. This, however, is not always what happens in the atmosphere. There are indeed heterogeneous processes such as reactions occurring on the surface of dry aerosol particles. But apart from these, we must focus as well on reactions in the homogeneous phase, which are single steps of consecutive reactions running through various phases.

Keywords

Systems air pollution atmosphere chemistry forest pollution radiation

Editors and affiliations

  • Wolfgang Jaeschke
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Environmental ResearchUniversity of FrankfurtFrankfurt 1Germany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70627-1
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-70629-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-70627-1
  • Buy this book on publisher's site