Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring

Clinical Practice and Pathophysiology

  • Wolfgang Künzel
Conference proceedings

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XII
  2. Clinical Application and Validity

  3. Physiology of Fetal Heart Rate During Intrauterine Life

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 61-61
  4. Pathophysiology of Fetal Heart Rate Deceleration

  5. Neurohumoral and Metabolic Response of the Fetus to Hypoxia

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 125-125
    2. W. Künzel, E. Kastendieck, M. Hohmann, A. Jensen
      Pages 136-143
  6. Pathophysiology of Fetal Heart Rate Variability and Base Line Fetal Heart Rate

  7. Back Matter
    Pages 240-244

About these proceedings


In the past decade fetal heart rate monitoring has become a generally ac­ cepted method for fetal surveillance during pregnancy and labor. Although its importance has been doubted recently, I personally feel that this method has become an important obstetric tool. It has not only improved our knowledge about fetal behavior and fetal condition throughout gesta­ tion, but it has especially improved fetal surveillance during labor; the most dangerous period of human life has never been as safe as nowadays. The only people who can question the advantage of fetal heart rate moni­ toring are those who did not experience the period before fetal heart rate monitoring was generally introduced. The first paper on the history of fetal heart rate monitoring takes us back to the beginning of fetal surveillance and provides an introduction to the different aspects of fetal observation which are covered later in this volume. Common practices of fetal surveillance in different countries are discussed, and the paths that future developments will take are suggested. An outline of the physiological aspects of fetal heart rate regulation is fol­ lowed by discussion of the pathophysiology with which the obstetrician is very often confronted.


Heart behavior development fetus growth heart rate monitoring pathophysiology physiology pregnancy regulation

Editors and affiliations

  • Wolfgang Künzel
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitäts-FrauenklinikGießenGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-70360-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-70358-4
  • Buy this book on publisher's site