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Biomechanics of the Primate Skull Base

  • Brigitte Demes

Part of the Advances in Anatomy Embryology and Cell Biology book series (ADVSANAT, volume 94)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-V
  2. Brigitte Demes
    Pages 1-2
  3. Brigitte Demes
    Pages 10-10
  4. Brigitte Demes
    Pages 11-13
  5. Brigitte Demes
    Pages 14-15
  6. Brigitte Demes
    Pages 16-21
  7. Brigitte Demes
    Pages 25-28
  8. Brigitte Demes
    Pages 44-50
  9. Brigitte Demes
    Pages 51-52
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 53-59

About this book

Introduction

In the search for explanations for differences in the shape of skulls and their phylogenetic development, the morphology of the skull must be seen in connec­ tion with the functions it has to perform. The skull encloses the brain and the sense organs and provides them with physical protection. It also houses the initial parts of the respiratory and digestive systems and together with the jaws constitutes a tool capable of cutting and grinding food. The skull must be able to withstand forces imposed upon it by chewing, by movement of the head, by the weight of the head itself, and by impact loadings. An investigation of the factors influencing the shape of the skull has to take into account not only the above-mentioned functions. The shape also de­ pends on the phylogenetic history 9f the species concerned, which prescribes a basic bauplan and places restrictions on the extent to which functions can influence the design of structural units. The possibilities for variations in skull shape are also limited by ontogenetic development, since the shape of the adult skull is the result of intermediate stages of development, at each of which the skull was a functioning unit. Body size and absolute and relative size of the sense organs in the head also play an important role in determining the shape of the skull.

Keywords

Skull brain development influence morphology skeleton skull base

Authors and affiliations

  • Brigitte Demes
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Anatomie Arbeitsgruppe Funktionelle MorphologieRuhr-UniversitätBochumGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70339-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-15290-3
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-70339-3
  • Series Print ISSN 0301-5556
  • Series Online ISSN 2192-7065
  • Buy this book on publisher's site