Automobile Catalytic Converters

  • Kathleen C. Taylor

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 1-1
  3. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 1-3
  4. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 3-5
  5. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 5-8
  6. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 8-10
  7. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 10-13
  8. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 13-16
  9. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 16-25
  10. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 25-27
  11. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 27-35
  12. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 35-41
  13. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 41-42
  14. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 42-43
  15. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 43-45
  16. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 45-46
  17. Kathleen C. Taylor
    Pages 46-51
  18. Back Matter
    Pages 53-56

About this book

Introduction

The use of catalytic converters for the purification of automotive exhaust gases is a relatively new technology which was brought into existence by social pressures for the preservation of acceptable environmental conditions. The majority of catalytic practitioners have been able to watch the growth of this technology from its inception to its current state of sophistication. Automotive catalytic converter technology is now in a mature state, and this chapter from Vol. 5 Catalysis: Science and Technology by Dr. K. C. Taylor provides a review which covers both the process chemistry and the most important converter design factors. Contents 1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. Emission Regulations in the United States. 3. Exhaust Emission Characteristics. . 3 4. 1981 Emission Control Technology. 5 A. Converters. . . 5 B. Control System. 7 8 ~. Catalyst Screening . 6. Laboratory Testing. .10 7. The Chemical Reactions 13 8. Composition of Three-Way Catalysts. 16 A. Rhodium 17 21 B. Platinum. C. Palladium 22 D. Iridium . 22 23 E. Ruthenium and Nickel. F. Cerium Oxide ..... 23 G. Search for Alternatives to Nohle Metals 24 9. Catalyst Supports . 25 A. Pellets .... 26 B. Monoliths . . 26 10. The Transient Behavior of Three-Way Catalysts 27 II. Deterioration of Three-Way Catalysts. 35 A. Thermal Effects. . . . 35 B. Phosphorus Poisoning. . . 37 C. Lead Poisoning. . . . . . · 38 D. Catalyst Poisoning by Sulfur · 40 12. The 0.4 NO,; Research Objective. · 41 13. Control of Diesel Particulate Emissions.

Keywords

Abgaskatalysator Automobil Chemical reaction Oxide emissions

Authors and affiliations

  • Kathleen C. Taylor
    • 1
  1. 1.Physical Chemistry DepartmentGeneral Motors Research LaboratoriesWarrenUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-69486-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-13064-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-69486-8
  • About this book