Eddies in Marine Science

  • Allan R. Robinson

Part of the Topics in Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences book series (TATM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXV
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. A. R. Robinson
      Pages 3-15
  3. Regional Kinematics, Dynamics, and Statistics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 17-17
    2. P. L. Richardson
      Pages 19-45
    3. C. Wunsch
      Pages 46-65
    4. H. T. Rossby, S. C. Riser, A. J. Mariano
      Pages 66-91
    5. J. C. McWilliams, E. D. Brown, H. L. Bryden, C. C. Ebbesmeyer, B. A. Elliott, R. H. Heinmiller et al.
      Pages 92-113
    6. D. R. Watts
      Pages 114-144
    7. W. J. Gould
      Pages 145-157
    8. R. L. Bernstein
      Pages 158-166
    9. G. T. Needler
      Pages 167-180
    10. G. Siedler
      Pages 181-199
    11. J. C. Swallow
      Pages 200-218
    12. H. L. Bryden
      Pages 265-277
  4. Models

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 377-377

About these proceedings

Introduction

It is now well known that the mid-ocean flow is almost everywhere domi­ nated by so-called synoptic or meso-scale eddies, rotating about nearly vertical axes and extending throughout the water column. A typical mid­ ocean horizontal scale is 100 km and a time scale is 100 days: these meso­ scale eddies have swirl speeds of order 10 cm s -1 which are usually con­ siderably greater than the long-term average flow. Many types of eddies with somewhat different scales and characteristics have been identified. The existence of such eddies was suspected by navigators more than a century ago and confirmed by the world of C. O'D. Iselin and V. B. Stock­ man in the 1930's. Measurements from RIV Aries in 1959/60, using the then newly developed neutrally buoyant floats, indicated the main char­ acteristics of the eddies in the deep ocean of the NW Atlantic while a se­ ries of Soviet moored current-meter arrays culminated, in POLYGON- 1970, in the explicit mapping of an energetic anticyclonic eddy in the tropical NE Atlantic. In 1973 a large collaborative (mainly U. S. , U. K. ) program, MODE-I, produced synoptic charts for an area of the NW At­ lantic and confirmed the existence of an open ocean eddy field and es­ tablished its characteristics. Meso-scale eddies are now known to be of interest and importance to marine chemists and biologists as well as to physical oceanographers and meteorologists.

Keywords

Arctic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Coast Indian Ocean Meeresströmung Pacific Ocean Southern Ocean Wirbel marine marine science ocean plankton water

Editors and affiliations

  • Allan R. Robinson
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Applied SciencesHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-69003-7
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-69005-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-69003-7
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-9314
  • About this book