Eddies in Marine Science

  • Allan R. Robinson

Part of the Topics in Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences book series (TATM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXV
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. A. R. Robinson
      Pages 3-15
  3. Regional Kinematics, Dynamics, and Statistics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 17-17
    2. P. L. Richardson
      Pages 19-45
    3. C. Wunsch
      Pages 46-65
    4. H. T. Rossby, S. C. Riser, A. J. Mariano
      Pages 66-91
    5. J. C. McWilliams, E. D. Brown, H. L. Bryden, C. C. Ebbesmeyer, B. A. Elliott, R. H. Heinmiller et al.
      Pages 92-113
    6. D. R. Watts
      Pages 114-144
    7. W. J. Gould
      Pages 145-157
    8. R. L. Bernstein
      Pages 158-166
    9. G. T. Needler
      Pages 167-180
    10. G. Siedler
      Pages 181-199
    11. J. C. Swallow
      Pages 200-218
    12. H. L. Bryden
      Pages 265-277
  4. Models

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 377-377
    2. W. R. Holland, D. E. Harrison, A. J. Semtner Jr.
      Pages 379-403
    3. D. B. Haidvogel
      Pages 404-437
  5. Effects and Applications

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 439-439
    2. A. E. Gill
      Pages 441-445
    3. P. C. Smith
      Pages 446-480
    4. D. B. Haidvogel, A. R. Robinson, C. G. H. Rooth
      Pages 481-491
    5. M. V. Angel, M. J. R. Fasham
      Pages 492-524
    6. R. C. Spindel, Y. J.-F. Desaubies
      Pages 525-541
    7. R. H. Heinmiller
      Pages 542-567
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 568-612

About these proceedings


It is now well known that the mid-ocean flow is almost everywhere domi­ nated by so-called synoptic or meso-scale eddies, rotating about nearly vertical axes and extending throughout the water column. A typical mid­ ocean horizontal scale is 100 km and a time scale is 100 days: these meso­ scale eddies have swirl speeds of order 10 cm s -1 which are usually con­ siderably greater than the long-term average flow. Many types of eddies with somewhat different scales and characteristics have been identified. The existence of such eddies was suspected by navigators more than a century ago and confirmed by the world of C. O'D. Iselin and V. B. Stock­ man in the 1930's. Measurements from RIV Aries in 1959/60, using the then newly developed neutrally buoyant floats, indicated the main char­ acteristics of the eddies in the deep ocean of the NW Atlantic while a se­ ries of Soviet moored current-meter arrays culminated, in POLYGON- 1970, in the explicit mapping of an energetic anticyclonic eddy in the tropical NE Atlantic. In 1973 a large collaborative (mainly U. S. , U. K. ) program, MODE-I, produced synoptic charts for an area of the NW At­ lantic and confirmed the existence of an open ocean eddy field and es­ tablished its characteristics. Meso-scale eddies are now known to be of interest and importance to marine chemists and biologists as well as to physical oceanographers and meteorologists.


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Editors and affiliations

  • Allan R. Robinson
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Applied SciencesHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-69005-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-69003-7
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-9314
  • Buy this book on publisher's site