Health Evaluation of Heavy Metals in Infant Formula and Junior Food

  • Eberhard H. F. Schmidt
  • Alfred G. Hildebrandt

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XV
  2. J. Müller, E. H. F. Schmidt
    Pages 1-12
  3. K. E. Bergmann, R. L. Bergmann
    Pages 26-33
  4. J. E. Vanderveen, S. A. Miller, K. R. Mahaffey, M. R. Spivey Fox
    Pages 34-40
  5. E. I. Krajnc, J. G. Vos, M. J. van Logten
    Pages 112-119
  6. H. Roels, R. Lauwerys
    Pages 126-139
  7. M. Berlin
    Pages 147-160
  8. F. K. Käferstein, H. Bremer, J. Parizek, H. Greim, M. J. van Logten
    Pages 171-177
  9. D. Barltrop
    Pages 178-189
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 191-192

About these proceedings


The ~uestion of whether an infant's diet represents a health hazard is not new. A health risk to infants from the intake of heavy metals via bottled food cannot be excluded at the present time. It is the purpose of this symposium to increase our knowledge of these disquie­ ting facts. If 70% of all environmental chemicals, including the ubi­ quituous heavy metals, enter the human body through food, to what extent are infants affected? Generally speaking, the effect on children has thus far been ex­ cluded from all the discussions concerning safety margins or limits on heavy-metal intake. Furthermore, this age group has also been largely excluded from studies determining the acceptable daily intake values for other substances. Paradoxically enough, such studies often contain a comment to the effect that children are particularly sensitive to these substances. The lack of consideration is certainly also due to the fact that little attention has been paid to this age group in toxicological research. The ZEBS study Heavy Metals in the Infant Diet by Kaferstein and MUller points to a mechanism which may increase the contamination of infant diet, namely the water used to prepare infant formula. Such facts as well as models for risk characterization have been presented by MUller and Schmidt in these proceedings. Yet many questions remain.


Health Infant Kleinkinderernährung Lebensmittelfremdstoff Metals Schwermetallbelastung Säuglingsernährung mercury physiology

Editors and affiliations

  • Eberhard H. F. Schmidt
    • 1
  • Alfred G. Hildebrandt
    • 1
  1. 1.Max von Pettenkofer-Institut des BundesgesundheitsamtesBerlin 33Germany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-11823-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-68740-2
  • Buy this book on publisher's site