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Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Wood

  • Takayoshi Higuchi

Part of the Springer Series in Wood Science book series (SSWOO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. Takayoshi Higuchi
    Pages 1-42
  3. Takayoshi Higuchi
    Pages 43-67
  4. Takayoshi Higuchi
    Pages 93-262
  5. Takayoshi Higuchi
    Pages 263-290
  6. Takayoshi Higuchi
    Pages 291-307
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 308-363

About this book

Introduction

Progress in wood chemistry has been related mainly to chemical wood pulping and bleaching and chemical utilization of wood and wood extractives. Meth­ ods of wood analysis were developed by Schorger (proximate analysis in 1917) and Dore (summative analysis in 1919), and standard methods based on Schorger's method, e.g., TAPPI standards (Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry), have been widely used for chemical analysis of woods in many countries. Thus it is generally known that wood is composed of about 50% cellulose, 20-35% of lignin, 15-25% of hemicelluloses, and variable amounts of extractives. Chemical characterization and efficient utilization of these wood components have been studied in laboratories of wood chemistry and technology in universities and government institutions. In the last decade, biochemistry and molecular biology of microorganisms, animals, and plants have greatly progressed. At the same time wood has been recognized as a unique renewable ecomaterial produced by trees using solar energy. In addition, many desirable properties of wood and wood components as biomaterial that affects physiology and psychology in humans have recently attracted attention.

Keywords

Baum Biosynthese, Cellulose Biosynthese, Lignin Expression Holz Phloem Xylem biochemistry biosynthesis biosynthesis, cellulose biosynthesis, lignin enzymes genes molecular biology tree

Authors and affiliations

  • Takayoshi Higuchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Wood Research InstituteKyoto University (retired)Fushimi-ku, KyotoJapan

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-60469-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-64419-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-60469-0
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-8563
  • Buy this book on publisher's site