Ligament Balancing in Total Knee Arthroplasty

An Instructional Manual

  • Leo A. Whiteside

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-IX
  2. Leo A. Whiteside
    Pages 1-14
  3. Leo A. Whiteside
    Pages 15-20
  4. Leo A. Whiteside
    Pages 21-29
  5. Leo A. Whiteside
    Pages 31-62
  6. Leo A. Whiteside
    Pages 63-95
  7. Leo A. Whiteside
    Pages 97-110
  8. Leo A. Whiteside
    Pages 111-115
  9. Leo A. Whiteside
    Pages 117-117

About this book



The varus knee has a group of bone and ligament abnormalities that must be addressed to correct the deformity. The mechanical axis of the femur is tilted medially relative to the long axis of the tibia. The distal femoral surface usually remains in valgus alignment to the long axis of the femur. Most of the varus deformity is caused by deficiency in the medial tibial plateau. The deep and superficial medial collateral ligaments are contracted and deformed by osteophytes.


Anatomy of the knee Knee arthroplasty Knee function Knee surgery anatomy arthroplasty bone knee surgery

Authors and affiliations

  • Leo A. Whiteside
    • 1
  1. 1.Biomechanical Research LaboratoryMissouri Bone and Joint CenterSt. LouisUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2004
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-20749-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-59295-9
  • Buy this book on publisher's site