Fractal Modelling

Growth and Form in Biology

  • Jaap A. Kaandorp

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIII
  2. Jaap A. Kaandorp
    Pages 1-6
  3. Jaap A. Kaandorp
    Pages 7-53
  4. Jaap A. Kaandorp
    Pages 55-101
  5. Jaap A. Kaandorp
    Pages 103-127
  6. Jaap A. Kaandorp
    Pages 129-187
  7. Jaap A. Kaandorp
    Pages 189-195
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 197-209

About this book


New developments in computer science, biology, mathematics and physics offer possibilities to obtain deeper understanding of growth and forms of organisms. It is now possible to carry out simulation experiments in which the growth process can be simulated in virtual computer objects. In this book, methods from fractal geometry are applied to model growth forms. As a case study, a type of growth process is used which can be found among various taxonomic classes of organisms such as sponges and corals. The growth of these organisms is simulated with 2D and 3D geometrical objects. The models presented in the book provide a rendering method for natural objects which is based on the actual growth process. The models can be used, for example, to understand the amazing variety of forms to be found in a coral reef. Models which mimic the growth of forms and the environmental influence on the growth process are also useful for ecologists. A combination of simulation models and the actual growth forms can be used to detect the effects of slow changes in the environment.


Artificial Life Bio-monitoring Fraktale Wachstum und Form ecology environment

Authors and affiliations

  • Jaap A. Kaandorp
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-63402-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-57922-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site