Flea Biology and Control

The Biology of the Cat Flea Control and Prevention with Imidacloprid in Small Animals

  • Friederike Krämer
  • Norbert Mencke

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIII
  2. Friederike Krämer, Norbert Mencke
    Pages 1-1
  3. Friederike Krämer, Norbert Mencke
    Pages 3-4
  4. Friederike Krämer, Norbert Mencke
    Pages 5-7
  5. Friederike Krämer, Norbert Mencke
    Pages 9-15
  6. Friederike Krämer, Norbert Mencke
    Pages 17-34
  7. Friederike Krämer, Norbert Mencke
    Pages 35-38
  8. Friederike Krämer, Norbert Mencke
    Pages 39-58
  9. Friederike Krämer, Norbert Mencke
    Pages 59-62
  10. Friederike Krämer, Norbert Mencke
    Pages 63-162
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 163-192

About this book


The book describes in great detail the complex life cycle of fleas. The text is based on the example of the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis), the most important ectoparasite. The cat flea parasitizes not only dogs and cats but also warm-blooded animals and even humans. Besides being the cause of painfully itching bites and allergic skin diseases it is also a vector for viruses, bacteria, nematodes and cestodes. Over the years the market for insecticide use in small animals has become a major segment of the chemical-pharmaceutical industry.
Insecticides of the new generation should not only fight the existing infestation (therapy) but should also effectively prevent new infestations for weeks (prophylaxis). The latest class of chemicals developed to this effect are chloronicotinyls (syn. neonicotinoides). Imidacloprid is the first member of this class of insecticides with a high selectivity towards the site of action within an insect. Applied to the skin it combats flea infestation and prevents new infestations for at least four weeks. Flea Biology and Control describes the entire development behind the compound, starting with its discovery all the way to its use in the final product.


Cat flea Ctenocephalides felis MIC Neonicotinoide biology chloronicotinyl diagnosis flea biology imidacloprid insect morphology therapy

Authors and affiliations

  • Friederike Krämer
    • 1
  • Norbert Mencke
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ParasitologySchool of Veterinary Medicine HannoverHannoverGermany
  2. 2.BG Animal Health, BU Companion AnimalsBayer AGLeverkusenGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-41776-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-56609-7
  • Buy this book on publisher's site