Rigidly Framed Earth Retaining Structures

Thermal soil structure interaction of buildings supporting unbalanced lateral earth pressures

  • Walid Aboumoussa
  • Magued Iskander

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages 1-19
  2. Walid Aboumoussa, Magued Iskander
    Pages 1-5
  3. Walid Aboumoussa, Magued Iskander
    Pages 7-14
  4. Walid Aboumoussa, Magued Iskander
    Pages 15-44
  5. Walid Aboumoussa, Magued Iskander
    Pages 45-84
  6. Walid Aboumoussa, Magued Iskander
    Pages 85-105
  7. Walid Aboumoussa, Magued Iskander
    Pages 107-123
  8. Walid Aboumoussa, Magued Iskander
    Pages 125-153
  9. Walid Aboumoussa, Magued Iskander
    Pages 155-187
  10. Walid Aboumoussa, Magued Iskander
    Pages 189-219
  11. Walid Aboumoussa, Magued Iskander
    Pages 221-233
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 235-316

About this book


Structures placed on hillsides often present a number of challenges and a limited number of economical choices for site design. An option sometimes employed is to use the building frame as a retaining element, comprising a Rigidly Framed Earth Retaining Structure (RFERS). The relationship between temperature and earth pressure acting on RFERS, is explored in this monograph through a 4.5 year monitoring program of a heavily instrumented in service structure. The data indicated that the coefficient of earth pressure behind the monitored RFERS had a strong linear correlation with temperature. The study also revealed that thermal cycles, rather than lateral earth pressure, were the cause of failure in many structural elements.

The book demonstrates that depending on the relative stiffness of the retained soil mass and that of the structural frame, the developed lateral earth pressure, during thermal expansion, can reach magnitudes several times larger than those determined using classical earth pressure theories. Additionally, a nearly perpetual lateral displacement away from the retained soil mass may occur at the free end of the RFERS leading to unacceptable serviceability problems.  These results suggest that reinforced concrete structures designed for the flexural stresses imposed by the backfill soil will be inadequately reinforced to resist stresses produced during the expansion cycles.

Parametric studies of single and multi-story RFERS with varying geometries and properties are also presented to investigate the effects of structural stiffness on the displacement of RFERS and the lateral earth pressure developed in the soil mass. These studies can aid the reader in selecting appropriate values of lateral earth pressure for the design of RFERS. Finally, simplified closed form equations that can be used to predict the lateral drift of RFERS are presented.


KEY WORDS:  Earth Pressure; Soil-Structure Interaction; Mechanics; Failure; Distress; Temperature; Thermal Effects; Concrete; Coefficient of Thermal Expansion; Segmental Bridges; Jointless Bridges; Integral Bridges; Geotechnical Instrumentation; Finite Element Modeling; FEM; Numerical Modeling


Coefficient of Thermal Expansion Concrete Distress Earth Pressure Failure Geotechnical Instrumentation Integral Bridges Jointless Bridges Mechanics Segmental Bridges Soil Structure Interaction Temperature Thermal Effects

Authors and affiliations

  • Walid Aboumoussa
    • 1
  • Magued Iskander
    • 2
  1. 1.Ventrop Engineering Consulting Group, PLLCNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.NYU Polytechnic School of EngineeringNew YorkUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Engineering Engineering (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-54642-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-54643-3
  • Series Print ISSN 1866-8755
  • Series Online ISSN 1866-8763
  • Buy this book on publisher's site