Computational Approaches to Analogical Reasoning: Current Trends

  • Henri Prade
  • Gilles Richard

Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 548)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Analogy in Action

  3. Modeling Analogy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 131-131
    2. Julien Cojan, Jean Lieber
      Pages 133-161
    3. Martin Schmidt, Ulf Krumnack, Helmar Gust, Kai-Uwe Kühnberger
      Pages 163-194
    4. Henri Prade, Gilles Richard
      Pages 217-244
  4. From Cognition to Computational Experiments

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 261-261
    2. Ute Schmid, Lukas Berle, Michael Munz, Klaus Stein, Martin Sticht
      Pages 263-287
    3. Keith McGreggor, Ashok K. Goel
      Pages 289-321
    4. Swaroop S. Vattam, Ashok K. Goel
      Pages 323-349
    5. Georgi Stojanov, Bipin Indurkhya
      Pages 371-395

About this book


Analogical reasoning is known as a powerful mode for drawing plausible conclusions and solving problems. It has been the topic of a huge number of works by philosophers, anthropologists, linguists, psychologists, and computer scientists. As such, it has been early studied in artificial intelligence, with a particular renewal of interest in the last decade.

The present volume provides a structured view of current research trends on computational approaches to analogical reasoning. It starts with an overview of the field, with an extensive bibliography.

The 14 collected contributions cover a large scope of issues. First, the use of analogical proportions and analogies is explained and discussed in various natural language processing problems, as well as in automated deduction. Then, different formal frameworks for handling analogies are presented, dealing with case-based reasoning, heuristic-driven theory projection, commonsense reasoning about incomplete rule bases, logical proportions induced by similarity and dissimilarity indicators, and analogical proportions in lattice structures. Lastly, the volume reports case studies and discussions about the use of similarity judgments and the process of analogy making, at work in IQ tests, creativity or other cognitive tasks.

This volume gathers fully revised and expanded versions of papers presented at an international workshop‚ as well as invited contributions. All chapters have benefited of a thorough peer review process.


Analogical Reasoning Computational Intelligence

Editors and affiliations

  • Henri Prade
    • 1
  • Gilles Richard
    • 2
  1. 1.IRIT-CNRSUniversity of ToulouseToulouseFrance
  2. 2.IRIT-CNRSUniversity of ToulouseToulouseFrance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-54515-3
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-54516-0
  • Series Print ISSN 1860-949X
  • Series Online ISSN 1860-9503
  • About this book