© 2014

Root Engineering

Basic and Applied Concepts

  • Asunción Morte
  • Ajit Varma

Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 40)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Anatomical and Morphological Strategies of Roots

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Smriti Shrivastava, Ram Prasad, Ajit Varma
      Pages 3-22
    3. Nieves Fernández-García, Carmen López-Berenguer, Enrique Olmos
      Pages 23-37
    4. Beata Orman-Ligeza, René Civava, Sophie de Dorlodot, Xavier Draye
      Pages 39-56
    5. Tomé Matos, Cristina Cruz, Luís Correia
      Pages 57-73
    6. María Victoria Alarcón, Pedro G. Lloret, Julio Salguero
      Pages 75-103
  3. Rhizosphere and Microorganisms

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 105-105
    2. Rosario Azcón
      Pages 107-143
    3. Beatriz Dreyer, Mario Honrubia, Asunción Morte
      Pages 145-169
    4. Javier Parladé, Beatriz Águeda, Luz Marina Fernández-Toirán, Fernando Martínez-Peña, Ana María de Miguel
      Pages 171-191
    5. K. Sowjanya Sree, Manjita Mishra, Aditya Saran, S. K. Singh, R. K. Sharma, K. V. S. S. Ram et al.
      Pages 193-201
    6. Hinanit Koltai, Yoram Kapulnik
      Pages 203-219
  4. Physiological Strategies of Roots

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 249-249
    2. José S. Rubio-Asensio, Carmen López-Berenguer, Jesús García-de la Garma, Martin Burger, Arnold J. Bloom
      Pages 251-267
    3. Thorsten Knipfer, Wieland Fricke
      Pages 269-296
    4. S. De Baets, T. A. Quine, J. Poesen
      Pages 297-323
    5. M. Jesús Sánchez-Blanco, Sara Álvarez, M. Fernanda Ortuño, M. Carmen Ruiz-Sánchez
      Pages 325-352
    6. Alejandra Zúñiga-Feest, Mabel Delgado, Ángela Bustos
      Pages 353-367

About this book


This volume illustrates the complex root system, including the various essential roles of roots as well as their interaction with diverse microorganisms localized in or near the root system.

Following initial chapters describing the anatomy and architecture as well as the growth and development of root systems, subsequent chapters focus on the various types of root symbiosis with bacteria and fungi in the rhizosphere. A third section covers the physiological strategies of roots, such as nitrate assimilation, aquaporins, the role of roots in plant defense responses, and in response to droughts and salinity changes. The book’s final chapters discuss the prospects of applied engineering of roots, i.e., inventing new root structures or functions through genetic modification, but also with conventional breeding and manipulation of root symbionts. The budding field of root engineering is expected to promote a second green revolution.


Mycorrhiza Mycorrhizosphere Nitrate assimilation PGPR Root Aquaporins Root Exudation Root Fungal Endophytes Symbiosis

Editors and affiliations

  • Asunción Morte
    • 1
  • Ajit Varma
    • 2
  1. 1.Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad de MurciaMurciaSpain
  2. 2.Amity Institute of Microbial TechnologyAmity University Uttar PradeshNoidaIndia

Bibliographic information


“We enjoyed reading this book and would recommend it to anyone with an interest in crop breeding, agronomy, and sustainable agriculture. Importantly, this book will serve as an introductory course in root biology for undergraduate and graduate students, and as a useful resource of anecdotes for teachers. … this book will inspire established scientists to future innovations, while youngsters will find it useful as a tool to guide novel experiments.” (P. C. Abhilash and Rama Kant Dubey, Trends in Plant Science, Vol. 20 (7), July, 2015)

“Morte (Univ. of Murcia, Spain) and Varma (Amity Univ., India) have compiled varied but mostly too-brief contributions representing many aspects of root biology. The 22-chapter book does cover both applied and fundamental issues, but for most readers, the result could be more coherent with the topics better integrated and related. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers/faculty.” (W. Loescher, Choice, Vol. 52 (6), February, 2015)