Advertisement

Principles of Igneous Petrology

  • Sven Maaløe
Textbook

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIV
  2. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 1-11
  3. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 12-38
  4. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 39-74
  5. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 75-83
  6. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 84-91
  7. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 92-113
  8. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 114-139
  9. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 140-151
  10. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 152-181
  11. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 182-229
  12. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 230-288
  13. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 289-328
  14. Sven Maaløe
    Pages 329-356
  15. Back Matter
    Pages 357-376

About this book

Introduction

Igneous petrology was to some extent essentially a descriptive sci­ ence until about 1960. The results were mainly obtained from field work, major element analyses, and microscopical studies. During the 1960's two simultaneous developments took place, plate tectonics became generally accepted, and the generation of magmas could now be related to the geodynamic features like convection cells and subduction zones. The other new feature was the development of new analytical apparatus which allowed high accuracy analyses of trace elements and isotopes. In addition it became possible to do ex­ perimental studies at pressures up to 100 kbar. During the 1970's a large amount of analytical data was obtained and it became evident that the igneous processes that control the compositions of magmas are not that simple to determine. The composition of a magma is controlled by the compositions of its source, the degree of partial melting, and the degree of fractionation. In order to understand the significance of these various processes the relationship between the physical processes and their geochemical consequences should be known. Presently there are several theories that attempt to explain the origin of the various magma types, and these theories can only be evaluated by turning the different ideas into quantitative models. We will so to speak have to do some book keeping for the various theories in order to see which ones are valid. the present book is intended as an introduction to the more fun­ damental aspects of quantitative igneous petrology.

Keywords

crystal growth development formation gas geology isotope magma mineral petrology plate tectonics quantitative analysis solid solution statistics subduction thermodynamics

Authors and affiliations

  • Sven Maaløe
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-49354-6
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-49356-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-49354-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site