Transport, Relaxation, and Kinetic Processes in Electrolyte Solutions

  • Pierre Turq
  • Josef M. G. Barthel
  • Marius Chemla

Part of the Lecture Notes in Chemistry book series (LNC, volume 57)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIV
  2. Pierre Turq, Josef M. G. Barthel, Marius Chemla
    Pages 1-18
  3. Pierre Turq, Josef M. G. Barthel, Marius Chemla
    Pages 19-47
  4. Pierre Turq, Josef M. G. Barthel, Marius Chemla
    Pages 48-73
  5. Pierre Turq, Josef M. G. Barthel, Marius Chemla
    Pages 74-109
  6. Pierre Turq, Josef M. G. Barthel, Marius Chemla
    Pages 135-166
  7. Pierre Turq, Josef M. G. Barthel, Marius Chemla
    Pages 167-198
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 199-210

About this book

Introduction

The presence of freely moving charges gives peculiar properties to electrolyte solutions, such as electric conductance, charge transfer, and junction potentials in electrochemical systems. These charges play a dominant role in transport processes, by contrast with classical equilibrium thermodynamics which considers the electrically neutral electrolyte compounds. The present status of transport theory does not permit a first prin­ ciples analys1s of all transport phenomena with a detailed model of the relevant interactions. Host of the models are still unsufficient for real systems of reasonable complexity. The Liouville equation may be adapted with some Brownian approximations to problems of interact­ ing solute particles in a continuum (solvent>; however, keeping the Liouville level beyond the limiting laws is an unsolvable task. Some progress was made at the Pokker-Planck level; however, despite a promising start, this theory in its actual form is still unsatis­ factory for complex systems involving many ions and chemical reac­ tions. A better approach is provided by the so-called Smoluchowski level in which average velocities are used, but there the hydrodyna­ mic interactions produce some difficulties. The chemist or chemical engineer, or anyone working with complex electrolyte solutions in applied research wants a general representa­ tion of the transport phenomena which does not reduce the natural complexity of the multicomponent systems. Reduction of the natural complexity generally is connected with substantial changes of the systems.

Keywords

Diffusion Electrolyt Ion Ionentransport Migration Physikalische Chemie chemical reaction electrochemical potential electrolyte ion current kinetics physical chemistry polarization

Authors and affiliations

  • Pierre Turq
    • 1
  • Josef M. G. Barthel
    • 2
  • Marius Chemla
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire d’ElectrochimieUniversitè Pierre et Marie CurieParisFrance
  2. 2.Institute of Physical and Theoretical ChemistryUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-48755-2
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-55002-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-48755-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0342-4901
  • Series Online ISSN 2192-6603
  • About this book