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© 2015

Process and Plant Safety

Book

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Ulrich Hauptmanns
    Pages 1-9
  3. Ulrich Hauptmanns
    Pages 11-67
  4. Ulrich Hauptmanns
    Pages 69-96
  5. Ulrich Hauptmanns
    Pages 97-188
  6. Ulrich Hauptmanns
    Pages 189-206
  7. Ulrich Hauptmanns
    Pages 207-229
  8. Ulrich Hauptmanns
    Pages 269-282
  9. Ulrich Hauptmanns
    Pages 283-439
  10. Ulrich Hauptmanns
    Pages 441-589
  11. Ulrich Hauptmanns
    Pages 591-610
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 625-665

About this book

Introduction

Accidents in technical installations are random events. Hence they cannot be totally avoided. Only the probability of their occurrence may be reduced and their consequences be mitigated. The book proceeds from hazards caused by materials and process conditions to indicating technical and organizational measures for achieving the objectives of reduction and mitigation. Qualitative methods for identifying weaknesses of design and increasing safety as well as models for assessing accident consequences are presented. The quantitative assessment of the effectiveness of safety measures is explained. The treatment of uncertainties plays a role there. They stem from the random character of the accident and from lacks of knowledge on some of the phenomena to be addressed. The reader is acquainted with the simulation of accidents, safety and risk analyses and learns how to judge the potential and limitations of mathematical modelling. Risk analysis is applied amongst others to “functional safety” and the determination of “appropriate distances” between industry and residential areas (land-use planning). This shows how it can be used as a basis for safety-relevant decisions. Numerous worked-out examples and case studies addressing real plants and situations deepen the understanding of the subjects treated and support self-study.

Keywords

End-of-the-pipe Safety Measures Functional Safety Hazardous Materials Hazardous Process Conditions Process Plant Control Qualitative and Quantitative Safety and Risk Assessment Simulation of Process Plants

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.HauptmannsGermany

About the authors

Ulrich Hauptmanns studied economics and nuclear engineering at the Universities of Berlin and Edinburgh. He obtained a doctor’s degree in nuclear reactor physics in Berlin and then worked as a safety analyst for the company constructing the German High Temperature Reactor THTR-300. After more than three years as visiting professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering of the University of Oviedo in Spain he joined the German government consultant for nuclear safety (GRS) in Cologne. His areas of work were engineering risks and probabilistic safety analyses for nuclear and process plants. Concurrently he taught at the Ruhr-University Bochum. In 1995 he was appointed to the chair of plant safety at the Otto-von-Guericke-University in Magdeburg, which he occupied until his retirement in 2011. During two years he acted as vice-chancellor of that University.

Bibliographic information