Characterisation of Areal Surface Texture

  • Richard Leach

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Richard Leach
    Pages 1-13
  3. François Blateyron
    Pages 15-43
  4. François Blateyron
    Pages 45-65
  5. Jörg Seewig
    Pages 67-106
  6. Alistair B. Forbes
    Pages 107-128
  7. Christopher A. Brown
    Pages 129-153
  8. Franz Helmli, Kerstin Pötsch, Claudia Repitsch
    Pages 155-177
  9. Nicola Senin, Liam Blunt
    Pages 179-216
  10. H. Zahouani, M. El Mansori
    Pages 217-267
  11. Zlate Dimkovski, Cecilia Anderberg, Robert Ohlsson, B.-G. Rosén
    Pages 281-302
  12. Baofeng He, Jon Petzing, Paul Webb, Paul Conway, Richard Leach
    Pages 303-320
  13. Franz Helmli, Stefan Lehmann
    Pages 321-335
  14. Alan Dunford
    Pages 337-348
  15. Back Matter
    Pages 349-353

About this book


The function of a component part can be profoundly affected by its surface topography. There are many examples in nature of surfaces that have a well-controlled topography to affect their function. Examples include the hydrophobic effect of the lotus leaf, the reduction of fluid drag due to the riblet structure of shark skin, the directional adhesion of the gecko foot and the angular sensitivity of the multi-faceted fly eye. Surface structuring is also being used extensively in modern manufacturing. In this way many properties can be altered, for example optical, tribological, biological and fluidic. Previously, single line (profile) measurements were adequate to control manufacture of surfaces, but as the need to control the functionality of surfaces increases, there is a growing need for three-dimensional (areal) measurement and characterisation techniques. For this reason there has been considerable research, development and standardisation of areal techniques. This book will present the areal framework that is being adopted by the international community. Whereas previous books have concentrated on the measurement aspects, this book  concentrates on the characterisation techniques, i.e. how to interpret the measurement data to give the appropriate (functional) information for a given task. The first part of the book presents the characterisation methods and the second part case studies that highlight the use of areal methods in a broad range of subject areas - from automobile manufacture to archaeology.

Introduction to Surface Topography
The Areal Field Parameters
The Areal Feature Parameters
Areal Filtering Methods
Areal Form Removal
Areal Fractal Methods
Choosing the Appropriate Parameter
Characterisation of Individual Areal Features
Multi-Scale Signature of Surface Topography
Correlation of Areal Surface Texture Parameters to Solar Cell EfficiencyCharacterisation of Cylinder Liner Honing Textures for Production Control
Characterisation of the Mechanical Bond Strength for Copper on Glass Plating Applications
Inspection of Laser Structured Cams and Conrods
Road Surfaces


Optical instrumentation Surface characterization Topography measurement

Editors and affiliations

  • Richard Leach
    • 1
  1. 1., Engineering Measurement DivisionNational Physical LaboratoryTeddingtonUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information