© 2013

Ophthalmology and the Ageing Society

  • Hendrik P.N. Scholl
  • Robert W. Massof
  • Sheila West

Part of the Essentials in Ophthalmology book series (ESSENTIALS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Emily C. Fletcher, Hendrik P. N. Scholl
    Pages 1-9
  3. Epidemiology of Eye Diseases in Older Populations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 11-11
    2. Robert P. Finger, Hendrik P. N. Scholl
      Pages 19-29
  4. Risk Factors, Genetics, Gene-Environment Interactions and Prophylaxis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 31-31
    2. Gabriëlle H. S. Buitendijk, Henriët Springelkamp, Lintje Ho, Caroline C. W. Klaver
      Pages 57-82
    3. Naima Jacobs-El, Catherine Meyerle, Emily Y. Chew
      Pages 83-89
  5. Current Treatment of the Major Eye Diseases of the Elderly

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 91-91
    2. Oliver K. Klaproth, Marko Ostovic, Thomas Kohnen
      Pages 93-106
    3. Fabiana Kimie Kashiwabuchi, Murilo Wendeborn Rodrigues Jr., Peter J. McDonnell
      Pages 127-137
  6. The Impact of Visual Disability on Daily Life in Older Populations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 139-139
    2. Ecosse L. Lamoureux, Eva Fenwick, Konrad Pesudovs
      Pages 141-164
    3. Suzanne W. van Landingham, Pradeep Y. Ramulu
      Pages 165-179
    4. Robert P. Finger, Eva Fenwick, Ecosse L. Lamoureux
      Pages 181-192
    5. Lisa Keay, Sheila K. West
      Pages 193-206
    6. Robin J. Casten, Barry W. Rovner
      Pages 207-215
    7. Robert W. Massof, Maureen G. Maguire, Duane R. Geruschat, James T. Deremeik, Judith E. Goldstein, Mary Warren et al.
      Pages 217-230

About this book


The ageing of the world’s population is one of the major achievements of modern society. By 2050, an estimated 2 billion people will be aged 60 years or over. However, ageing poses major challenges and this is especially true for the field of ophthalmology, given that the major eye diseases – age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataract – predominantly affect the elderly.


The challenges facing ophthalmology in an ageing society have not previously been addressed in a comprehensive way, although there are common denominators of the various eye diseases that affect the elderly. This book provides such a comprehensive overview encompassing epidemiology, risk factors, current treatment and prophylaxis, disability, co-morbidity, and the impact on quality of life.


World leaders in their respective fields provide state-of-the-art knowledge on the geriatric aspects of ophthalmology that will help to improve the management of this growing patient population.


Ageing Current Treatment and Prophylaxis Eye diseases Quality of Life Visual Disability

Editors and affiliations

  • Hendrik P.N. Scholl
    • 1
  • Robert W. Massof
    • 2
  • Sheila West
    • 3
  1. 1.Wilmer Eye InstituteJohn Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Lions Vision Research and Rehabilitation, Wilmer Ophthalmological InstituteJohn Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Wilmer Eye Institute, Dana Center for Preventive OphthalmologyJohn Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

About the editors

Hendrik P.N. Scholl, M.D., M.A. is the Dr. Frieda Derdeyn Bambas Professor of Ophthalmology at the Wilmer Eye Institute and the Director of the Retinal Degeneration Clinic. He is also the Director of the Visual Neurophysiology Service of the Johns Hopkins Hospital. He received his M.D. from the Eberhard Karls University of Tuebingen, Germany, and did his residency at the Centre for Ophthalmology, University of Tuebingen. He did a clinical research fellowship at Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK. In 2004, he was awarded a Heisenberg‐Fellowship of the German Research Foundation for his achievements in the field of macular degeneration and subsequently joined the faculty at the Dept. of Ophthalmology, University of Bonn for 5 years until he was recruited to the Wilmer Eye Institute in 2010.

Dr. Scholl specializes in medical and surgical management of retinal diseases such as age‐related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. He has a specific expertise in inherited retinal and macular degenerations including retinitis pigmentosa and Leber’s congenital amaurosis and uses latest technology for the diagnosis of these disorders such as electroretinography, microperimetry and highresolution imaging.

Dr. Scholl's primary research interest relates to visual loss in retinal degenerations and to therapeutic measures in order to rescue vision. He uses psychophysical and electrophysiological methods to measure visual function and high‐resolution topographic

and tomographic imaging to investigate retinal structure. He aims at developing more efficient markers for upcoming clinical trials. Dr. Scholl has been funded in the past by the European Commission and the German Research Foundation. In 2008, he received the European Vision Award and in 2010 the Wynn‐Gund Translational Research Award by the Foundation Fighting Blindness and the Macular Degeneration Research Award by the American Health Assistance Foundation.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Ophthalmology and the Ageing Society
  • Editors Hendrik P.N. Scholl
    Robert W. Massof
    Sheila West
  • Series Title Essentials in Ophthalmology
  • Series Abbreviated Title Essentials in Ophthalmology
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Medicine Medicine (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-642-36323-8
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-662-50824-4
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-642-36324-5
  • Series ISSN 1612-3212
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages VIII, 233
  • Number of Illustrations 7 b/w illustrations, 19 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Ophthalmology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site


“This book, ‘Ophthalmology and the aging society’, provides a comprehensive overview of age-related issues of common eye diseases. … the text is clearly written and features many illustrations and diagrams. Each chapter is concluded by an extensive reference list. … the book provides an excellent overview for those interested in an update on recent age-related research in ophthalmology.” (Sascha Fauser, Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, Vol. 253 (7), July, 2015)

“This book describes how ophthalmological diseases affect the elderly and the treatment options for this group of patients. … The audience includes residents and practitioners in general ophthalmology. … This book does a good job of summarizing basic ophthalmological diseases and is a good resource for those who treat elderly patients.” (Leslie Neems, Doody’s Book Reviews, April, 2014)