Handbook of Reference Electrodes

  • György Inzelt
  • Andrzej Lewenstam
  • Fritz Scholz

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. György Inzelt
    Pages 1-24
  3. Galina Tsirlina
    Pages 33-48
  4. Fritz Scholz, Takashi Kakiuchi
    Pages 49-76
  5. Petra Spitzer, Samuel Wunderli, Krzysztof Maksymiuk, Agata Michalska, Anna Kisiel, Zbigniew Galus et al.
    Pages 77-143
  6. Anand I. Bhatt, Graeme A. Snook
    Pages 189-227
  7. Friedrich G. K. Baucke
    Pages 229-241
  8. Vladislav V. Kharton, Ekaterina V. Tsipis
    Pages 243-278
  9. Andrzej Lewenstam
    Pages 279-288
  10. Heike Kahlert
    Pages 289-303
  11. Jan Migdalski, Andrzej Lewenstam
    Pages 305-324
  12. Agata Michalska, Anna Kisiel, Krzysztof Maksymiuk
    Pages 325-330
  13. György Inzelt
    Pages 331-332
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 341-344

About this book


Reference Electrodes are a crucial part of any electrochemical system, yet an up-to-date and comprehensive handbook is long overdue. Here, an experienced team of electrochemists provides an in-depth source of information and data for the proper choice and construction of reference electrodes. This includes all kinds of applications such as aqueous and non-aqueous solutions, ionic liquids, glass melts, solid electrolyte systems, and membrane electrodes. Advanced technologies such as miniaturized, conducting-polymer-based, screen-printed or disposable reference electrodes are also covered. Essential know-how is clearly presented and illustrated with almost 200 figures.


Diaphragms Electrode potentials Glass melts Hydrogen electrode Iodine/iodide electrode Liquid junction potentials Mercury electrodes Reference electrodes Salt bridges Silver electrodes Thallium electrodes

Editors and affiliations

  • György Inzelt
    • 1
  • Andrzej Lewenstam
    • 2
  • Fritz Scholz
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. Physical ChemistryEötvös Loránd UniversityBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Center for Process Analytical ChemistryÅbo Akademi UniversityAboFinland
  3. 3.Inst. BiochemieUniversität GreifswaldGreifswaldGermany

Bibliographic information