Modelling Tropospheric Volcanic Aerosol

From Aerosol Microphysical Processes to Earth System Impacts

  • Anja Schmidt
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

About this book

Introduction

Anja Schmidt's thesis is a unique and comprehensive evaluation of the impacts of tropospheric volcanic aerosol on the atmosphere, climate, air quality and human health. Using a state-of-the-art global microphysics model, the thesis describes and quantifies the impact of volcanic sulphur emissions on global aerosol, clouds and the radiative forcing of climate. The advanced model enables the first ever estimate of the impact of the emissions on aerosol microphysical properties such as particle number concentrations and sizes, and therefore a considerably improved ability to quantify the climate and air quality effects.
There are several important discoveries in this thesis. Firstly, it is shown that continuously degassing volcanoes exert a major effect on global clouds and climate. Secondly, the impact of the 1783 Laki eruption in Iceland is re-examined to show that this long-lasting flood lava eruption would have had major effects on clouds and climate. Thirdly, by combining her research on volcanism, atmospheric science and epidemiology, she shows that a present-day Laki-like eruption would seriously affect European air quality and cause over 100,000 premature deaths in the first year.

Keywords

Earth System Impacts European Air Quality Laki Volcano Tropospheric Volcanic Aeosol Volcanic Gases

Authors and affiliations

  • Anja Schmidt
    • 1
  1. 1., School of Earth and EnvironmentUniversity of LeedsLeedsUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-34839-6
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-34838-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-34839-6
  • Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series Online ISSN 2190-5061