ACL Injuries in the Female Athlete

Causes, Impacts, and Conditioning Programs

  • Frank R. Noyes
  • Sue Barber-Westin

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
  3. The Impact of ACL Injuries: Short- and Long-Term Effects on the Knee Joint

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 25-25
    2. Sue D. Barber-Westin, Frank R. Noyes
      Pages 27-53
    3. Frank R. Noyes, Sue D. Barber-Westin
      Pages 55-82
  4. Proposed Risk Factors of Noncontact ACL Injuries

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 83-83
    2. Ariel V. Dowling, Thomas P. Andriacchi
      Pages 85-108
    3. Timothy C. Sell, Scott M. Lephart
      Pages 109-124
    4. Benjamin Noonan, Edward M. Wojtys
      Pages 125-136
    5. Ajit M. W. Chaudhari, Laura C. Schmitt, Thomas P. Andriacchi
      Pages 137-147
    6. Ajit M. W. Chaudhari, Steve T. Jamison, Thomas M. Best
      Pages 169-183
    7. Susan M. Sigward, Christine D. Pollard
      Pages 185-201
    8. Mary Lloyd Ireland, Thomas Durbin, Lori A. Bolgla
      Pages 203-219
    9. Sue D. Barber-Westin, Frank R. Noyes
      Pages 235-272
  5. ACL Injury Prevention Programs

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 273-273
    2. Frank R. Noyes, Sue D. Barber-Westin
      Pages 275-308
    3. Sue D. Barber-Westin, Frank R. Noyes
      Pages 309-356
    4. Holly J. Silvers, Bert R. Mandelbaum
      Pages 357-370
    5. Frank R. Noyes, Sue D. Barber-Westin
      Pages 371-390
  6. Reducing the Risk of Reinjury After ACL Reconstruction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 425-425
    2. Timothy P. Heckmann, Frank R. Noyes, Sue D. Barber-Westin
      Pages 427-454
  7. Future Directions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 485-485
    2. Sue D. Barber-Westin, Frank R. Noyes
      Pages 487-506
    3. Sandra J. Shultz, Randy J. Schmitz
      Pages 507-524
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 525-534

About this book


Nearly a million anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries occur each year worldwide. Such injuries can cause long-term problems in the knee joint, including in particular the early onset of osteoarthritis. It has been evident for some time that a tremendous gender disparity exists in noncontact ACL injuries in sports, and this aspect has been the subject of intensive research.


This textbook, focusing on female athletes, reviews and discusses:


  • The short- and long-term impacts of ACL injuries
  • Risk factors and possible causes of the higher injury risk in females
  • Neuromuscular training programs and their effectiveness in reducing noncontact ACL injury rates in females
  • Sports-specific programs for a range of sports with proven improvements in athletic performance
  • Rehabilitation programs after ACL reconstruction that reduce the risk of a future injury
  • Worldwide implementation of neuromuscular retraining


The book will be of value to orthopedic surgeons, physical therapists, athletic trainers, sports medicine primary care physicians, and strength and conditioning specialists.


ACL Female athlete Injury prevention Neuromuscular retraining Osteoarthritis

Editors and affiliations

  • Frank R. Noyes
    • 1
  • Sue Barber-Westin
    • 2
  1. 1.Cincinnati Sportsmedicine Research and ECincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.Cincinnati Sportsmedicine Research and ECincinnatiUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-32591-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-32592-2
  • Buy this book on publisher's site