The Politics of Military Reform

Experiences from Indonesia and Nigeria

  • Jürgen Rüland
  • Maria-Gabriela Manea
  • Hans Born

Part of the Global Power Shift book series (GLOBAL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Jürgen Rüland, Maria-Gabriela Manea
      Pages 3-25
  3. Military Reform in Indonesia and Nigeria

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 27-27
    2. Leonard C. Sebastian, Iisgindarsah
      Pages 29-56
    3. Maria-Gabriela Manea, Jürgen Rüland
      Pages 57-76
  4. Legislatures and Non-State Actors in Military Reform

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 121-121
    2. Jürgen Rüland, Maria-Gabriela Manea
      Pages 123-145
  5. Rogue Forces and Military Reform

  6. Conclusion

About this book


This volume seeks to explain why democratization and military reforms stagnate in newly democratizing countries. The contributions blend historical, ideational, cultural and structural explanatory factors to analyze the trajectories of military reform in Indonesia and Nigeria, two major regional powers that share many structural commonalities. In the tradition of the literature on security sector reform (SSR), the book not only scrutinizes executive initiatives toward military reform, but also provides ample coverage of societal actors. Findings show that while military reform is stagnating in both countries, societal forces ought to be taken into account more as major driving forces in explaining military reform. Several chapters study how legislatures, non-governmental organizations and the civilian defence epistemic community contribute to the transformation of military institutions. The last part of the book tackles another aspect rarely studied in the literature on military reform, namely, the role of militias in military reform.


Civil-Military Relations Democratization Indonesia Military Reform Nigeria

Editors and affiliations

  • Jürgen Rüland
    • 1
  • Maria-Gabriela Manea
    • 2
  • Hans Born
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  3. 3.Armed Forces (DCAF)Centre for the Democratic Control ofGenevaSwitzerland

Bibliographic information