From the Earth's Core to Outer Space

  • Ilmari Haapala

Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences book series (LNESS, volume 137)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Earth’s Evolving Crust

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-10
    2. Ilmari Haapala, Tuija Pulkkinen
      Pages 1-7
  3. Earth’s Evolving Crust

  4. Changing Baltic Sea

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 137-138
    2. Pentti Mälkki, Matti Perttilä
      Pages 151-161
    3. Matti Perttilä
      Pages 163-170
  5. Climate Change

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 185-186
    2. Juha A. Karhu
      Pages 187-197
    3. Antti E. K. Ojala
      Pages 199-218
    4. Markku Kulmala, Ilona Riipinen, Veli-Matti Kerminen
      Pages 219-226
    5. Esko Kuusisto
      Pages 241-253
  6. Planet Earth, Third Stone from the Sun

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 255-256
    2. Markku Poutanen
      Pages 279-293
    3. Risto Pellinen
      Pages 295-308
    4. Harry J. Lehto
      Pages 309-327
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 329-340

About this book


From the Earth's Core to Outer Space focuses on four themes: (1) Evolving Earth’s crust, (2) Changing Baltic Sea, (3) Climate Change, and (4) Planet Earth, third stone from Sun. The focus on these four topics provides both a state of the art review of earth science topics of particular importance to Scandinavia and the Baltic and also the global context in which a consideration of these topics must be made. It finishes by discussing our use of space born technologies for understanding these topics and places the Earth within the context of our neighbouring planets and their satellites.

The first theme includes papers on the structure, origin and evolution of the Earth’s crust and in particular the ore deposits in Fennoscandia, plate-tectonic drift of Fennoscandia (Baltica), and postglacial isostatic rebound of the crust. The second theme contains papers dealing with changes in the ice season of the Baltic Sea, inflow and stagnation in deep basins, biology of the Baltic Sea, and carbon dioxide balance in sea water. The third theme deals with origin and evolution of oxygen in atmosphere, postglacial climate change, effects of aerosols and greenhouse gases on climate, interplay between anthropogenic and natural facators in the current climate change, and Earth’s water resources. The fourth theme includes articles on Earth’s space environment, use of satellites in cartography and geodesy, information obtained by space probes on Mars and other planets and their moons, and possibilities to find life on them.


Baltic Sea Climate change Fennoscandian Shield Ore resources Space weather

Editors and affiliations

  • Ilmari Haapala
    • 1
  1. 1.EspoFinland

Bibliographic information