Organelle Genetics

Evolution of Organelle Genomes and Gene Expression

  • Charles E. Bullerwell

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Origins of Organelle Genomes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Toni Gabaldón
      Pages 3-18
    3. John M. Archibald
      Pages 19-38
  3. Organelle Genome Evolution

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 39-39
    2. Gertraud Burger, Chris J. Jackson, Ross F. Waller
      Pages 41-77
    3. Wilson B. M. de Paula, John F. Allen, Mark van der Giezen
      Pages 105-119
  4. Mechanisms of Organelle Gene Loss

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 121-121
    2. Mathieu Rousseau-Gueutin, Andrew H. Lloyd, Anna E. Sheppard, Jeremy N. Timmis
      Pages 147-171
  5. Origins of Organelle Proteomes

  6. Evolution of Organelle Transcription

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 239-239
    2. Christian Barth, Luke A. Kennedy, Paul R. Fisher
      Pages 241-269
    3. Paola Loguercio Polosa, Marina Roberti, Palmiro Cantatore
      Pages 271-295
  7. Evolution of Organelle RNA Processing

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 327-327
    2. Georg Hausner
      Pages 329-357

About this book

Introduction

Mitochondria and chloroplasts are eukaryotic organelles that evolved from bacterial ancestors and harbor their own genomes. The gene products of these genomes work in concert with those of the nuclear genome to ensure proper organelle metabolism and biogenesis.

This book explores the forces that have shaped the evolution of organelle genomes and the expression of the genes encoded by them. Some striking examples of trends in organelle evolution explored here are the reduction in genome size and gene coding content observed in most lineages, the complete loss of organelle DNA in certain lineages, and the unusual modes of gene expression that have emerged, such as the extensive and essential mRNA editing that occurs in plant mitochondria and chloroplasts. This book places particular emphasis on the current techniques used to study the evolution of organelle genomes and gene expression.

Keywords

Chloroplast Genomics Mitochondria

Editors and affiliations

  • Charles E. Bullerwell
    • 1
  1. 1., Departments of Biology and BiochemistryMount Allison UniversitySackvilleCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22380-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-22379-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-22380-8
  • About this book