Knowledge Annotation: Making Implicit Knowledge Explicit

  • Alexiei Dingli

Part of the Intelligent Systems Reference Library book series (ISRL, volume 16)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
  2. A World of Annotations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-2
    2. Alexiei Dingli
      Pages 3-17
    3. Alexiei Dingli
      Pages 19-24
    4. Alexiei Dingli
      Pages 25-32
  3. Leaving a Mark ...

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 33-34
    2. Alexiei Dingli
      Pages 35-42
    3. Alexiei Dingli
      Pages 43-58
    4. Alexiei Dingli
      Pages 59-69
    5. Alexiei Dingli
      Pages 71-77
  4. Peeking at the Future

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 79-80
    2. Alexiei Dingli
      Pages 81-87
    3. Alexiei Dingli
      Pages 89-95
  5. Back Matter

About this book


Did you ever read something on a book, felt the need to comment, took up a pencil and scribbled something on the books’ text’? If you did, you just annotated a book. But that process has now become something fundamental and revolutionary in these days of computing. Annotation is all about adding further information to text, pictures, movies and even to physical objects. In practice, anything which can be identified either virtually or physically can be annotated.

In this book, we will delve into what makes annotations, and analyse their significance for the future evolutions of the web. We will explain why it was thought to be unreasonable to annotate documents manually and how Web 2.0 is making us rethink our beliefs. We will have a look at tools which make use of Artificial Intelligence techniques to support people in the annotation task. Behind these tools, there exists an important property of the web known as redundancy; we will explain what it is and show how it can be exploited. Finally we will gaze into the crystal ball and see what we might expect to see in the future.

Until people understand what the web is all about and its grounding in annotation, people cannot start appreciating it. And until they do so, they cannot start creating the web of the future.


Annotation Computational Intelligence Redundancy Semantic Web

Authors and affiliations

  • Alexiei Dingli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Intelligent Computer Systems, Faculty of Information and Communication TechnologyUniversity of MaltaMsidaMalta

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2011
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Engineering Engineering (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-20322-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-20323-7
  • Series Print ISSN 1868-4394
  • Series Online ISSN 1868-4408
  • Buy this book on publisher's site