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Alpine Biodiversity in Europe

  • Laszlo Nagy
  • Georg Grabherr
  • Christian Körner
  • Desmond B. A. Thompson

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 167)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXXI
  2. Europe’s Alpine Areas

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. G. Grabherr, L. Nagy, D. B. A. Thompson
      Pages 3-12
    3. Ch. Körner, J. Paulsen, S. Pelaez-Riedl
      Pages 13-28
    4. R. Virtanen, L. Nagy, J. Jeník, J. Štursa, P. Ozenda, J.-L. Borel et al.
      Pages 29-121
  3. Plant and Vegetation Diversity

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 123-123
    2. U. Molau
      Pages 125-132
    3. H. Väre, R. Lampinen, C. Humphries, P. Williams
      Pages 133-148
    4. R. Virtanen, T. Dirnböck, S. Dullinger, G. Grabherr, H. Pauli, M. Staudinger et al.
      Pages 149-172
    5. J.-P. Theurillat, A. Schlüssel, P. Geissler, A. Guisan, C. Velluti, L. Wiget
      Pages 185-193
    6. H. Pauli, M. Gottfried, T. Dirnböck, S. Dullinger, G. Grabherr
      Pages 195-207
    7. T. Dirnböck, S. Dullinger, M. Gottfried, C. Ginzler, G. Grabherr
      Pages 209-219
    8. U. Molau, J. Kling, K. Lindblad, R. Björk, J. Dänhardt, A. Liess
      Pages 221-229
  4. Invertebrates

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 231-231
    2. P. Brandmayr, R. Pizzolotto, S. Scalercio
      Pages 233-237
    3. Y. E. Mikhailov, V. N. Olschwang
      Pages 259-279
    4. L. Tontini, S. Castellano, S. Bonelli, E. Balletto
      Pages 297-306
    5. P. Brandmayr, R. Pizzolotto, S. Scalercio, M. C. Algieri, T. Zetto
      Pages 307-317
  5. Vertebrates

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 319-319
    2. D. B. A. Thompson, D. P. Whitfield, H. Galbraith, K. Duncan, R. D. Smith, S. Murray et al.
      Pages 327-338
    3. B. Erschbamer, R. Virtanen, R. Nagy
      Pages 377-396
  6. Long-Term Vegetation Dynamics

  7. Synthesis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 449-449
    2. L. Nagy, G. Grabherr, Ch. Körner, D. B. A. Thompson
      Pages 453-464
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 465-477

About this book

Introduction

The United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development (UNCED), held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, spawned a multitude of pro­ grammes aimed at assessing, managing and conserving the earth's biological diversity. One important issue addressed at the conference was the mountain environment. A specific feature of high mountains is the so-called alpine zone, i. e. the treeless regions at the uppermost reaches. Though covering only a very small proportion of the land surface, the alpine zone contains a rela­ tively large number of plants, animals, fungi and microbes which are specifi­ cally adapted to cold environments. This zone contributes fundamentally to the planet's biodiversity and provides many resources for mountain dwelling as well as lowland people. However, rapid and largely man-made changes are affecting mountain ecosystems, such as soil erosion, losses of habitat and genetic diversity, and climate change, all of which have to be addressed. As stated in the European Community Biodiversity Strategy, "the global scale of biodiversity reduction or losses and the interdependence of different species and ecosystems across national borders demands concerted international action". Managing biodiversity in a rational and sustainable way needs basic knowledge on its qualitative and quantitative aspects at local, regional and global scales. This is particularly true for mountains, which are distributed throughout the world and are indeed hot spots of biodiversity in absolute terms as well as relative to the surrounding lowlands.

Keywords

Artenschutz Biodiversität Bryophyte Flora Hochgebirge Species richness alps biodiversity conservation biology ecology ecosystem ecotone high mountains vegetation Ökologie

Editors and affiliations

  • Laszlo Nagy
    • 1
  • Georg Grabherr
    • 2
  • Christian Körner
    • 3
  • Desmond B. A. Thompson
    • 4
  1. 1.McConnell AssociatesEdinburghScotland
  2. 2.Department of Vegetation Ecology and Conservation BiologyInstitute for Ecology and Nature Conservation University of ViennaViennaAustria
  3. 3.Institute of BotanyUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland
  4. 4.Advisory ServicesScottish Natural HeritageEdinburghScotland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-18967-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-62387-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-18967-8
  • Series Print ISSN 0070-8356
  • Buy this book on publisher's site