(Endo)symbiotic Methanogenic Archaea

  • Johannes H.P. Hackstein

Part of the Microbiology Monographs book series (MICROMONO, volume 19)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Tom Fenchel, Bland J. Finlay
    Pages 1-11
  3. Johannes H. P. Hackstein
    Pages 13-23
  4. Kazunari Ushida
    Pages 25-34
  5. Naoya Shinzato, Yoichi Kamagata
    Pages 35-53
  6. Everly Conway de Macario, Alberto J. L. Macario
    Pages 101-113
  7. Johannes H. P. Hackstein, Theo A. van Alen
    Pages 115-142
  8. Petra Worm, Nicolai Müller, Caroline M. Plugge, Alfons J. M. Stams, Bernhard Schink
    Pages 143-173
  9. Johannes H. P. Hackstein, Aloysius G. M. Tielens
    Pages 175-206
  10. Rosario Gil, Amparo Latorre, Andrés Moya
    Pages 207-233
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 235-237

About this book

Introduction

Methanogens are prokaryotic microorganisms that produce methane as an end-product of a complex biochemical pathway. They are strictly anaerobic archaea and occupy a wide variety of anoxic environments. Methanogens also thrive in the cytoplasm of anaerobic unicellular eukaryotes and in the gastrointestinal tracts of animals and humans. The symbiotic methanogens in the gastrointestinal tracts of ruminants and other “methanogenic” mammals contribute significantly to the global methane budget; especially the rumen hosts an impressive diversity of methanogens. This monograph deals with methanogenic endosymbionts of anaerobic protists, in particular ciliates and termite flagellates, and with methanogens in the gastrointestinal tracts of vertebrates and arthropods. Further reviews discuss the genomic consequences of living together in symbiotic associations, the role of methanogens in syntrophic degradation, and the function and evolution of hydrogenosomes, hydrogen-producing organelles of certain anaerobic protists.

Keywords

Archaea Ciliates Eukaryota Greenhouse effect Hydrogenosomes Protozoa Rumen microbiota Termites gut biochemistry microbiology microorganism

Editors and affiliations

  • Johannes H.P. Hackstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Nijmegen NijmegenNetherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-13615-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-13614-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-13615-3
  • Series Print ISSN 1862-5576
  • Series Online ISSN 1862-5584
  • About this book