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Radiation Exposure and Image Quality in X-Ray Diagnostic Radiology

Physical Principles and Clinical Applications

  • Horst Aichinger
  • Joachim Dierker
  • Sigrid Joite-Barfuß
  • Manfred Säbel

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 3-7
    3. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 9-10
  3. Physical Principles

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 11-11
    2. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 13-20
    3. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 21-31
    4. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 33-40
    5. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 41-51
    6. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 53-65
    7. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 67-83
    8. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 85-101
  4. Clinical Applications

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 103-103
    2. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 105-120
    3. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 121-132
    4. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 133-144
  5. Supplement

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 145-149
    2. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 151-179
    3. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 181-198
    4. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 199-256
    5. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 257-284
    6. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 285-292
    7. Horst Aichinger, Joachim Dierker, Sigrid Joite-Barfuß, Manfred Säbel
      Pages 293-300
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 301-307

About this book

Introduction

Diagnostic X-rays are the largest contributor to radiation exposure to the general population, and protecting the patient from radiation damage is a major aim of modern health policy. Once the decision has been taken to use ionising radiation for imaging in a particular patient, it is necessary to optimize the image acquisition process taking into account the diagnostic quality of the images and the radiation dose to the patient. Both image quality and radiation dose are affected by a number of parameters, knowledge of which permits scientifically based decision making.

The authors of this second edition of Radiation Exposure and Image Quality in X-ray Diagnostic Radiology have spent many years studying the optimization of radiological imaging. In this book they present in detail the basic physical principles of diagnostic radiology and their application to clinical problems. Particular attention is devoted to evaluation of the dose to the patient, the influence of scattered radiation on image quality, the use of antiscatter grids, and optimization of image quality and dose. The final section is a supplement containing tables of data and graphical depictions of X-ray spectra, interaction coefficients, characteristics of X-ray beams, and other aspects relevant to patient dose calculations. In addition, a complementary CD-ROM contains a user-friendly Excel file database covering these aspects that can be used in the reader’s own programs.

Since the first edition, the text, figures, tables, and references have all been thoroughly updated, and more detailed attention is now paid to image quality and radiation exposure when using digital imaging and computed tomography. This book will be an invaluable aid to medical physicists when performing calculations relating to patient dose and image quality, and will also prove useful for diagnostic radiologists and engineers.

Keywords

X-ray attenuation X-ray dosimetry X-ray physics X-ray spectra image quality mammography patient dose patient dose evaluation radiation imaging physics scatter reduction techniques

Authors and affiliations

  • Horst Aichinger
    • 1
  • Joachim Dierker
    • 2
  • Sigrid Joite-Barfuß
    • 3
  • Manfred Säbel
    • 4
  1. 1.FürthGermany
  2. 2.ErlangenGermany
  3. 3.ErlangenGermany
  4. 4.Inst. Diagnostische Radiologie, Gynäkologische RadiologieUniversitätsklinikum ErlangenErlangenGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-11241-6
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-11240-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-11241-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site