Habitability and Cosmic Catastrophes

  • Arnold Hanslmeier
Part of the Advances in Astrobiology and Biogeophysics book series (ASTROBIO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIV
  2. Arnold Hanslmeier
    Pages 1-28
  3. Arnold Hanslmeier
    Pages 29-54
  4. Arnold Hanslmeier
    Pages 55-79
  5. Arnold Hanslmeier
    Pages 81-122
  6. Arnold Hanslmeier
    Pages 123-156
  7. Arnold Hanslmeier
    Pages 157-168
  8. Arnold Hanslmeier
    Pages 169-185
  9. Arnold Hanslmeier
    Pages 187-208
  10. Arnold Hanslmeier
    Pages 209-225
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 227-248

About this book

Introduction

The solar system has a rather well-known history. Looking at the present situation, one might get the impression that it was a rather stable and well-defined system: the orbits of the planets appear to be stable, climate and atmospheres on the planets have been determined, the risk of collision with other bodies (comets, asteroids, meteorites) seems to be small. However it is known today that the evolution of life on Earth was neither a steady progression nor uniform. There were several periods of mass extinction. These catastrophic events played a crucial role in the rise of new species. Events of astrophysical origin include:

• Asteroid impacts
• Major solar variabilty (space weather)
• Nearby supernovae
• The passage of the solar system through dense interstellar clouds

Catastrophic cosmic events of this type appear in the range of some 100 million years. The author discusses whether and how such events could have occurred in the solar system as well as in recently found extrasolar planetary systems.

In this text, which addresses readers in the field of Astrophysics and Astrobiology but also Geophysics and Biology these cosmic catastrophic events are described at an intermediate student's level.

Keywords

Cosmic catastrophes Extra Solar Planets Extraterrestrial life Habitability Planet Planetary system Solar System Space Weather Sun:Variation astrobiology astrophysics extremophile solar

Editors and affiliations

  • Arnold Hanslmeier
    • 1
  1. 1.Univ. GrazInst. Astronomie Universitätsplatz 5Austria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-76945-3
  • Copyright Information Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2009
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-76944-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-76945-3
  • Series Print ISSN 1610-8957
  • Series Online ISSN 1613-1851
  • About this book