TT Viruses

The Still Elusive Human Pathogens

  • Ethel-Michele de Villiers
  • Harald zur Hausen

Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 331)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. H. Okamoto
    Pages 35-52
  3. L. Kakkola, K. Hedman, J. Qiu, D. Pintel, M. S”derlund-Venermo
    Pages 53-64
  4. E.-M. de Villiers, R. Kimmel, L. Leppik, K. Gunst
    Pages 91-107
  5. H. zur Hausen, E.-M. de Villiers
    Pages 109-116
  6. S. Hino, A. A. Prasetyo
    Pages 117-130
  7. M. H. de Smit, M. H. M. Noteborn
    Pages 131-149
  8. K. A. Schat
    Pages 151-183
  9. H. Jeske
    Pages 185-226
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 227-233

About this book


Within a remarkably short period of time it became clear that TT viruses are widely spread globally, infect a large proportion of all human populations studied thus far and represent an extremely heterogeneous group of viruses, now labelled as Anelloviruses. TT virus-like infections have also been noted in various animal species. The classification of this virus group turns out to be difficult, their DNA contains between 2200 and 3800 nucleotides, related so-called TT-mini-viruses and a substantial proportion of intragenomic recombinants further complicate attempts to combine these viruses into a unifying phylogenetic concept. Although studied in many laboratories, the medically most interesting question of their possible pathogenic role in humans remains unanswered until today. It is not unreasonable to suspect that persistence of at least some specific TT virus genotypes may result in some infected individuals in a definable pathogenicity. We believe that this volume provides first hints in support of this view


Viruses anelloviruses apoptosis chicken anemia virus classification geminiviruses immunobiology infections proteins

Editors and affiliations

  • Ethel-Michele de Villiers
    • 1
  • Harald zur Hausen
    • 2
  1. 1.Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum Abt., Tumorvirus-CharakterisierungHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (DKFZ)HeidelbergGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2009
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-70971-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-70972-5
  • Series Print ISSN 0070-217X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site