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Recombination and Meiosis

Models, Means, and Evolution

  • Editors
  • Richard Egel
  • Dirk-Henner Lankenau

Part of the Genome Dynamics and Stability book series (GENOME, volume 3)

About this book

Introduction

Once per life cycle, mitotic nuclear divisions are replaced by meiosis I and II—reducing chromosome number from the diploid level to a haploid genome and recombining chromosome arms by crossing-over. In animals, all this happens during formation of eggs and sperm—in yeasts before spore formation. The mechanisms of reciprocal exchange at crossover/chiasma sites are central to mainstream meiosis. To initiate the meiotic exchange of DNA, surgical cuts are made as a form of calculated damage that subsequently is repaired by homologous recombination. These key events are accompanied by ancillary provisions at the level of chromatin organization, sister chromatid cohesion and differential centromere connectivity. Great progress has been made in recent years in our understanding of these mechanisms. Questions still open primarily concern the placement of and mutual coordination between neighboring crossover events.

Of overlapping significance, this book features two comprehensive treatises of enzymes involved in meiotic recombination, as well as the historical conceptualization of meiotic phenomena from genetical experiments. More specifically, these mechanisms are addressed in yeasts as unicellular model eukaryotes. Furthermore, evolutionary subjects related to meiosis are treated.

Keywords

Chromosom DNA DNA Double-Strand Breaks Homolog Synapsis Meiosis, Evolution of biochemistry chromosome enzymes eukaryote evolution recombination

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-68984-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-68983-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-68984-3
  • Series Print ISSN 1861-3373
  • Buy this book on publisher's site