Active Labor Market Policies in Europe

Performance and Perspectives

  • Jochen Kluve
  • David Card
  • Michael Fertig
  • Marek Góra
  • Lena Jacobi
  • Peter Jensen
  • Reelika Leetmaa
  • Leonhard Nima
  • Eleonora Patacchini
  • Sandra Schaffner
  • Christoph M. Schmidt
  • Bas van der Klaauw
  • Andrea Weber

Table of contents

About this book

Introduction

Measures of Active Labor Market Policy - such as training, wage subsidies, public employment measures, and job search assistance - are widely used in European countries to combat unemployment.

Little, however, is known about what each country can learn from experiences in other countries.

This study provides novel insight on this important policy issue by

- discussing the role of the European Commission's Employment Strategy

-  reviewing the experiences made in European states

-  and giving the first ever quantitative

assessment of the existing cross-country evidence, answering the question "what labor market program works for what target group under what (economic and institutional) circumstances?".

Using an innovative meta-analytical approach, the authors find that rather than contextual factors such as labor market institutions or the business cycle, it is almost exclusively the program type that matters for program effectiveness: While direct employment programs in the public sector appear detrimental, wage subsidies and "Services and Sanctions" can be effective in increasing participants' employment probability.

Keywords

Active Labor Market Policy European Employment Strategy Labor Market Labor Markets Meta Analysis Program Evaluation Unemployment

Authors and affiliations

  • Jochen Kluve
    • 1
  • David Card
  • Michael Fertig
  • Marek Góra
  • Lena Jacobi
  • Peter Jensen
  • Reelika Leetmaa
  • Leonhard Nima
  • Eleonora Patacchini
  • Sandra Schaffner
  • Christoph M. Schmidt
  • Bas van der Klaauw
  • Andrea Weber
  1. 1.Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für WirtschaftsforschungRWI EssenEssenGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-48558-2
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Business and Economics
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-48557-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-48558-2
  • About this book