Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment

  • Jon Børre Ørbæk
  • Roland Kallenborn
  • Ingunn Tombre
  • Else N. Hegseth
  • Stig Falk-Petersen
  • Alf H. Hoel

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxviii
  2. Arctic-Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment — Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. J. B. Ørbæk, R. Kallenborn, I. Tombre, E. N. Hegseth, S. Falk-Petersen, A. H. Hoel
      Pages 3-18
  3. Climate change and ecosystem response

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 37-37
    2. R. Primicerio, G. Rossetti, P. -A. Amundsen, A. Klemetsen
      Pages 51-69
    3. Kjell Arild Høgda, Stein Rune Karlsen, Hans Tømmervik
      Pages 71-84
    4. R. M. M. Crawford, C. E. Jeffree
      Pages 85-104
    5. Tore Furevik, Cecilie Mauritzen, Randi Ingvaldsen
      Pages 123-146
    6. Stig Falk-Petersen, Vladimir Pavlov, Sergey Timofeev, John R. Sargent
      Pages 147-166
  4. UV radiation and biological effects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 179-179
    2. Warwick F Vincent, Milla Rautio, Reinhard Pienitz
      Pages 227-249
    3. Dieter Hanelt, C. Wiencke, K. Bischof
      Pages 251-277
    4. Harry Slaper, Peter den Outer, Gert Kelfkens
      Pages 279-301

About this book

Introduction

This book addresses the significant environmental changes experienced by high latitude and high altitude ecosystems at the beginning of the 21st c- tury. Increased temperatures and precipitation, reduction in sea ice and glacier ice, the increased levels of UV-radiation and the long-range tra- ported contaminants in arctic and alpine regions are stress factors that challenge terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The large natural variation in the physical parameters of these extreme environments is a key factor in structuring the biodiversity and biotic productivity, and the effect of the new stress factors can be critical for the population structures and the - teraction between species. These changes may also have socio-economic effects if the changes affect the bio-production, which form the basis for the marine and terrestrial food chains. The book is uniquely multidisciplinary and provides examples of va- ous aspects of contemporary environmental change in arctic and alpine - gions. The 21 chapters of the book are organised under the fields of •Climate change and ecosystem response, •Long range transport of poll- ants and ecological impacts, and •UV radiation and biological effects, each also including aspects of the •Socio-economic effects of environmental change. The introductory chapter presents and explains the internal c- nection and integration of all chapters. The added value of these reviews and review-like manuscripts from different disciplines hopefully yields new information about the integrated aspects of environmental change.

Keywords

Air Pollution Monitoring Population Precipitation Screening UV-Radiation biodiversity climate change distribution ecosystem environment environmental change population structure temperature transport

Editors and affiliations

  • Jon Børre Ørbæk
    • 1
  • Roland Kallenborn
    • 2
  • Ingunn Tombre
    • 3
  • Else N. Hegseth
    • 4
  • Stig Falk-Petersen
    • 5
  • Alf H. Hoel
    • 6
  1. 1.Norwegian Polar InstituteLongyearbyenNorway
  2. 2.Polar Environmental CentreNorwegian Institute for Air ResearchTromsøNorway
  3. 3.Polar Environmental CentreNorwegian Institute for Nature ResearchTromsøNorway
  4. 4.Norwegian College of Fishery ScienceUniversity of TromsøTromsøNorway
  5. 5.Polar Environmental CentreNorwegian Polar InstituteTromsøNorway
  6. 6.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of TromsøTromsøNorway

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-48514-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-48512-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-48514-8