The Physics of Traffic

Empirical Freeway Pattern Features, Engineering Applications, and Theory

  • Boris S. Kerner

Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXIII
  2. Introduction

    1. Boris S. Kerner
      Pages 1-10
  3. Historical Overview and Three-Phase Traffic Theory

  4. Empirical Spatiotemporal Congested Traffic Patterns

  5. Microscopic Three-Phase Traffic Theory

  6. Engineering Applications

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 545-545
    2. Boris S. Kerner
      Pages 591-630
    3. Boris S. Kerner
      Pages 631-632
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 633-682

About this book


This book is devoted to the explanation of freeway traffic congestion, a fact of life for many car drivers. Results of empirical observations of freeway congestion, which exhibit diverse complex spatiotemporal patterns including moving traffic jams, are analyzed. Empirical features of these reproducible freeway traffic patterns only recently sufficiently well understood are reviewed. In the first part, three-phase traffic theory can be found, which is the basis for a physical theory of traffic phenomena and its applications in engineering. In the second part, the empirical spatiotemporal patterns are examined and, finally in parts III and IV, the mathematical model and the engineering applications are addressed. The Physics of Traffic addresses researchers and practitioners alike.


Dynamical Non-Linear Process Freeway Traffic Research Fuzzy Pattern Formation Simulation Spatial-Temporal Pattern Formation Three-Phase Traffic Theory Traffic Flow Theory Transformation calculus model modeling phase Transition

Authors and affiliations

  • Boris S. Kerner
    • 1
  1. 1.DaimlerChrysler AGStuttgartGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-05850-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-40986-1
  • Series Print ISSN 1860-0832
  • Series Online ISSN 1860-0840
  • Buy this book on publisher's site