This volume contains results gained from the EU-funded 5th Framework project, FLOMANIA (Flow Physics Modelling – An Integrated Approach). 17 European organisations, industry, research, and universities, have collaborated on topics of improvement of existing methods, investigation and integration of differential Reynolds Stress models for aeronautical applications and modelling of detached-eddy simulations (DES). The book presents an introduction to the project, exhibits partners’ methods and approaches, and provides comprehensive reports (i.e. definition as well as results) of all applications treated in the project. Moreover, a complete chapter is devoted to a description of turbulence models used by the partners together with a section on lessons learnt – accompanied by a comprehensive list of references.