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SFPE Guide to Human Behavior in Fire

  • Society of Fire Protection Engineers

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
    Pages 1-2
  3. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
    Pages 3-11
  4. Understanding Human Behavior in Fires

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 13-13
    2. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
      Pages 15-19
    3. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
      Pages 21-39
    4. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
      Pages 41-47
  5. Modelling Human Behavior in Fire

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 49-49
    2. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
      Pages 51-56
    3. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
      Pages 57-72
    4. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
      Pages 73-83
    5. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
      Pages 85-95
    6. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
      Pages 97-113
    7. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
      Pages 115-120
  6. Fire Situation Management

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 121-121
    2. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
      Pages 123-130
    3. Society of Fire Protection Engineers
      Pages 131-147
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 149-159

About this book

Introduction

This single resource for the fire safety community distills the most relevant and useful science and research into a consensus-based guide whose key factors and considerations impact the response and behavior of occupants of a building during a fire event.

The Second Edition of SFPE's Engineering Guide: Human Behavior in Fire provides a common introduction to this field for the broad fire safety community: fire protection engineers/fire safety engineers, human behavior scientists/researchers, design professionals, and code authorities. The public benefits from consistent understanding of the factors that influence the responses and behaviors of people when threatened by fire and the application of reliable methodologies to evaluate and estimate human response in buildings and structures.

This Guide also aims to lessen the uncertainties in the "people components" of fire safety and allow for more refined analysis with less reliance on arbitrary safety factors. As with fire science in general, our knowledge of human behavior in fire is growing, but is still characterized by uncertainties that are traceable to both limitation in the science and unfamiliarity by the user communities. The concepts for development of evacuation scenarios for performance-based designs and the technical methods to estimate evacuation response are reviewed with consideration to the limitation and uncertainty of the methods. This Guide identifies both quantitative and qualitative information that constitutes important consideration prior to developing safety factors, exercising engineering judgment, and using evacuation models in the practical design of buildings and evacuation procedures. Besides updating material in the First Edition, this revision includes new information on:
  • Incapacitating Effects of Fire Effluent & Toxicity Analysis Methods
  • Occupant Behavior Scnearios
  • Movement Models and Behavioral Models
  • Egress Model Selection, Verification, and Validation
  • Estimation of Uncertainty and Use of Safety Factors
  • Enhancing Human Response to Emergencies & Notification of Messaging
The prediction of human behavior during a fire emergency is one of the most challenging areas of fire protection engineering. Yet, understanding and considering human factors is essential to designing effective evacuation systems, ensuring safety during a fire and related emergency events, and accurately reconstructing a fire.

Keywords

fire safety fire protection fire protection engineers people components fire science human behavior occupant movement egress Fire Situation Management

Authors and affiliations

  • Society of Fire Protection Engineers
    • 1
  1. 1.Society of Fire Protection EngineersGaithersburgUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-94697-9
  • Copyright Information Society of Fire Protection Engineers 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-94696-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-94697-9
  • Buy this book on publisher's site