The Leaf: A Platform for Performing Photosynthesis

  • William W.  Adams III
  • Ichiro Terashima

Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 44)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-li
  2. William W. Adams III, Jared J. Stewart, Stephanie K. Polutchko, Barbara Demmig-Adams
    Pages 27-54
  3. Brian G. Ayre, Robert Turgeon
    Pages 55-79
  4. Riichi Oguchi, Yusuke Onoda, Ichiro Terashima, Danny Tholen
    Pages 97-139
  5. Tracy Lawson, Ichiro Terashima, Takashi Fujita, Yin Wang
    Pages 141-161
  6. Jaume Flexas, Francisco Javier Cano, Marc Carriquí, Rafael E. Coopman, Yusuke Mizokami, Danny Tholen et al.
    Pages 163-208
  7. Sarathi M. Weraduwage, Marcelo L. Campos, Yuki Yoshida, Ian T. Major, Yong-Sig Kim, Sang-Jin Kim et al.
    Pages 209-253
  8. Mitsutaka Taniguchi, Asaph B. Cousins
    Pages 255-279
  9. Anne M. Borland, Alistair Leverett, Natalia Hurtado-Castano, Rongbin Hu, Xiaohan Yang
    Pages 281-305
  10. Fermín Morales, Andrej Pavlovič, Anunciación Abadía, Javier Abadía
    Pages 371-399
  11. Takayoshi Koike, Mitsutoshi Kitao, Kouki Hikosaka, Evgenios Agathokleous, Yoko Watanabe, Makoto Watanabe et al.
    Pages 425-449
  12. Kihachiro Kikuzawa, Martin J. Lechowicz
    Pages 473-492
  13. William W. Adams III, Jared J. Stewart, Barbara Demmig-Adams
    Pages 493-563
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 565-575

About this book


The leaf is an organ optimized for capturing sunlight and safely using that energy through the process of photosynthesis to drive the productivity of the plant and, through the position of plants as primary producers, that of Earth’s biosphere. It is an exquisite organ composed of multiple tissues, each with unique functions, working synergistically to: (1) deliver water, nutrients, signals, and sometimes energy-rich carbon compounds throughout the leaf (xylem); (2) deliver energy-rich carbon molecules and signals within the leaf during its development and then from the leaf to the plant once the leaf has matured (phloem); (3) regulate exchange of gasses between the leaf and the atmosphere (epidermis and stomata); (4) modulate the radiation that penetrates into the leaf tissues (trichomes, the cuticle, and its underlying epidermis); (5) harvest the energy of visible sunlight to transform water and carbon dioxide into energy-rich sugars or sugar alcohols for export to the rest of the plant (palisade and spongy mesophyll); and (6) store sugars and/or starch during the day to feed the plant during the night and/or acids during the night to support light-driven photosynthesis during the day (palisade and spongy mesophyll). Various regulatory controls that have been shaped through the evolutionary history of each plant species result in an incredible diversity of leaf form across the plant kingdom. Genetic programming is also flexible in allowing acclimatory phenotypic adjustments that optimize leaf functioning in response to a particular set of environmental conditions and biotic influences experienced by the plant. Moreover, leaves and the primary processes carried out by the leaf respond to changes in their environment, and the status of the plant, through multiple regulatory networks over time scales ranging from seconds to seasons. This book brings together the findings from laboratories at the forefront of research into various aspects of leaf function, with particular emphasis on the relationship to photosynthesis.


C3 photosynthesis C4 photosynthesis Leaf structure abiotic stress biotic influences

Editors and affiliations

  • William W.  Adams III
    • 1
  • Ichiro Terashima
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of ScienceThe University of TokyoBunkyo Ku, HongoJapan

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-93592-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-93594-2
  • Series Print ISSN 1572-0233
  • Series Online ISSN 2215-0102
  • Buy this book on publisher's site