© 2019

Jewish Medicine and Healthcare in Central Eastern Europe

Shared Identities, Entangled Histories

  • Marcin Moskalewicz
  • Ute Caumanns
  • Fritz Dross
  • Brings together an international group of Jewish studies scholars

  • Is a unique contribution to the debate on Jewishness and Jewish identity in the medical context

  • Presents new pathways in integrating the history of racial medicine and the Shoa in a wider historical and cultural context

  • Initiates methodological debate


Part of the Religion, Spirituality and Health: A Social Scientific Approach book series (RELSPHE, volume 3)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Marcin Moskalewicz, Ute Caumanns, Fritz Dross
    Pages 1-9
  3. Between Religious and Medical Authority: Early Modern Jewish Care for Body and Soul

  4. Modern Jewish Healthcare: Community and the State

  5. Shared Identities

  6. Jewish Doctors in the Face of Terror and Extermination

About this book


Is ‘Jewish medicine’ a valid historical category? Does it represent a collective constituted by the interplay of medical, ethnic and religious cultures? Integrating academic disciplines from medical history to philology and Jewish studies, this book aims at answering this question historically by presenting  comprehensive coverage of Jewish medical traditions in Central Eastern Europe, mostly on what is today Poland and Germany (and the former Russian, Prussian and Austro-Hungarian Empires). In this significant zone of ethnic, religious and cultural interaction, Jewish, Polish, and German traditions and communities were more entangled, and identities were shared to an extent greater than anywhere else. Starting with early modern times and the Enlightenment, through the 19th century, up until the horrors of medicine in the ghettos and concentration camps, the book collects a variety of perspectives on the question of how Judaism and Jewish culture were dynamically related to medicine and healthcare. It discusses the Halachic traditions, hygiene-related stereotypes, the organization of healthcare within specified communities, academic careers, hybrid medical identities, and diversified medical practices.


Eastern Ashkenaz Medicine Halakhah Traditions Jewish Medicine in Poland Jewish Health Cultures Jewish Bodies Jewish Healthcare Jewish Identity Jewish Physicians in Auschwitz Jewish Medical Students Medicine in the Ghetto

Editors and affiliations

  • Marcin Moskalewicz
    • 1
  • Ute Caumanns
    • 2
  • Fritz Dross
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Social SciencesPoznan University of Medical SciencesPoznanPoland
  2. 2.Department of Historical SciencesHeinrich-Heine-Universität DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany
  3. 3.Institute for the History of Medicine and Medical EthicsFriedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany

About the editors

Marcin Moskalewicz, born in Warsaw (Poland), studied history and philosophy of science at Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, University of California at Berkeley (2003) and Rijksuniversiteit Groningen (2005, 2007). In 2009 he defended Ph.D. in philosophy of history in the „European Doctorate“ framework (summa cum laude). Moskalewicz has been a Senior Fulbright Scholar at Texas A & M University (USA), a EURIAS Fellow at the Collegium Helveticum, University of Zurich/ETH Zurich (Switzerland) as well as a Marie Curie Fellow at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Oxford. He works as an Assistant Professor at the Department of Social Sciences at Poznan University of Medical Sciences and holds a fellowship at The Oxford Research Centre in the Humanities (TORCH). Currently, his main research area is the philosophy of psychiatry.

Fritz Dross studied history and information science at the Heinrich-Heine-University in Düsseldorf (Germany). In 2002 he defended his PhD in modern history (Krankenhaus und lokale Politik, 1770-1850). In 2004 he became Assistant Professor at the Institute for the History of Medicine and Medical Ethics in Erlangen. In 2010 he completed his habilitation (venia legendi) with a work on late medieval and early modern urban leper care. He is currently Associate Professor at the Institute for the History of Medicine and Medical Ethics at the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Germany). He is current President of the German Society for the History of Hospitals (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Krankenhausgeschichte), and the German-Polish Society for the History of Medicine.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Jewish Medicine and Healthcare in Central Eastern Europe
  • Book Subtitle Shared Identities, Entangled Histories
  • Editors Marcin Moskalewicz
    Ute Caumanns
    Fritz Dross
  • Series Title Religion, Spirituality and Health: A Social Scientific Approach
  • Series Abbreviated Title Religion, Spirituality and Health: A Social Scientific Approach
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Social Sciences Social Sciences (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-3-319-92479-3
  • Softcover ISBN 978-3-030-06441-9
  • eBook ISBN 978-3-319-92480-9
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages X, 277
  • Number of Illustrations 6 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Sociology of Religion
    Jewish Cultural Studies
    History of Science
    Religion and Health
    European History
    Memory Studies
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