Jewish Medicine and Healthcare in Central Eastern Europe

Shared Identities, Entangled Histories

  • Marcin Moskalewicz
  • Ute Caumanns
  • Fritz Dross

Part of the Religion, Spirituality and Health: A Social Scientific Approach book series (RELSPHE, volume 3)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Marcin Moskalewicz, Ute Caumanns, Fritz Dross
    Pages 1-9
  3. Between Religious and Medical Authority: Early Modern Jewish Care for Body and Soul

  4. Modern Jewish Healthcare: Community and the State

  5. Shared Identities

  6. Jewish Doctors in the Face of Terror and Extermination

About this book


Is ‘Jewish medicine’ a valid historical category? Does it represent a collective constituted by the interplay of medical, ethnic and religious cultures? Integrating academic disciplines from medical history to philology and Jewish studies, this book aims at answering this question historically by presenting  comprehensive coverage of Jewish medical traditions in Central Eastern Europe, mostly on what is today Poland and Germany (and the former Russian, Prussian and Austro-Hungarian Empires). In this significant zone of ethnic, religious and cultural interaction, Jewish, Polish, and German traditions and communities were more entangled, and identities were shared to an extent greater than anywhere else. Starting with early modern times and the Enlightenment, through the 19th century, up until the horrors of medicine in the ghettos and concentration camps, the book collects a variety of perspectives on the question of how Judaism and Jewish culture were dynamically related to medicine and healthcare. It discusses the Halachic traditions, hygiene-related stereotypes, the organization of healthcare within specified communities, academic careers, hybrid medical identities, and diversified medical practices.


Eastern Ashkenaz Medicine Halakhah Traditions Jewish Medicine in Poland Jewish Health Cultures Jewish Bodies Jewish Healthcare Jewish Identity Jewish Physicians in Auschwitz Jewish Medical Students Medicine in the Ghetto

Editors and affiliations

  • Marcin Moskalewicz
    • 1
  • Ute Caumanns
    • 2
  • Fritz Dross
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Social SciencesPoznan University of Medical SciencesPoznanPoland
  2. 2.Department of Historical SciencesHeinrich-Heine-Universität DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany
  3. 3.Institute for the History of Medicine and Medical EthicsFriedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany

Bibliographic information