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Astrophysics with Radioactive Isotopes

  • Roland Diehl
  • Dieter H. Hartmann
  • Nikos Prantzos

Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 453)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Part I

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Roland Diehl
      Pages 3-27
    3. Donald D. Clayton
      Pages 29-87
  3. Part II

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 89-89
    2. Maria Lugaro, Alessandro Chieffi
      Pages 91-172
    3. Friedrich-Karl Thielemann, Roland Diehl, Alexander Heger, Raphael Hirschi, Matthias Liebendörfer
      Pages 173-286
    4. Jordi Isern, Margarita Hernanz, Jordi José
      Pages 287-375
  4. Part III

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 377-377
    2. Maurizio Busso
      Pages 379-425
    3. Roland Diehl, Dieter H. Hartmann, Nikos Prantzos
      Pages 427-497
  5. Part IV

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 499-499
    2. Matthias Liebendörfer
      Pages 501-522
    3. Michael Wiescher, Thomas Rauscher
      Pages 523-554
    4. Gottfried Kanbach, Larry Nittler
      Pages 555-580
    5. Roland Diehl, Nikos Prantzos
      Pages 581-641
    6. Maria Lugaro, Alessandro Chieffi
      Pages 643-652
  6. Part V

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 653-653
    2. Roland Diehl, Dieter H. Hartmann, Nikos Prantzos
      Pages 655-660
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 661-674

About this book

Introduction

Dealing with astrophysics derived from the radiation emitted by radioactive atomic nuclei, this book describes the different methods used to measure cosmic radio-isotopes. It demonstrates how this astronomical window has contributed to the understanding of the sources and the chemical evolution of cosmic gas. Reference materials and explanations are included for students in advanced stages of their education.

Nuclear reactions in different sites across the universe lead to the production of stable and unstable nuclei. Their abundances can be measured through different methods, allowing to study the various nuclear processes taking place in cosmic environments. Nucleosynthesis is the cosmic formation of new nuclear species, starting from hydrogen and helium resulting from the big bang origins. Stars create and eject synthesized nuclei during their evolution and explosions. Incorporation of the new interstellar composition into next-generation stars characterises the compositional (chemical) evolution of cosmic gas in and between galaxies. Radioactive species have unique messages about how this occurs.

Since the first Edition of this book published in 2011 with the title Astronomy with Radioactivities, long-awaited new direct observations of supernova radioactivity have been made and are now addressed in two updated chapters dealing with supernovae. In this second Edition, the advances of recent years beyond one-dimensional treatments of stellar structure and stellar explosions towards 3-dimensional models have been included, and led to significant re-writings in Chapters 3-5. The sections on the Solar System origins have been re-written to account for new insights into the evolution of giant molecular clouds. The chapter on diffuse radioactivities now also includes material measurements of radioactivities in the current solar system, and their interpretations for recent nucleosynthesis activity in our Galaxy. Significant new results on gamma-rays from positron annihilations have been accounted for in that chapter, and led to new links with nucleosynthesis sources as well as interstellar transport processes. A new chapter now provides a description of interstellar processes often called 'chemical evolution', thus linking the creation of new nuclei to their abundance observations in gas and stars. The experimental / instrumental chapters on nuclear reaction measurements, on gamma-ray telescopes, and pre-solar grain laboratories have been updated. Moreover, new windows of astronomy that have been opened up in recent years have been included in the discussions of the multi-messenger approach that broadens the basis for astrophysical insights.

Keywords

nuclear astrophysics stellar and primordial nucleosynthesis stellar structure and evolution stellar explosions, supernovae gamma ray telescopes stardust in the laboratory cosmic rays astrophysical nuclear reactions radioactivity in astrophysics

Editors and affiliations

  • Roland Diehl
    • 1
  • Dieter H. Hartmann
    • 2
  • Nikos Prantzos
    • 3
  1. 1.MPI für Extraterrestrische PhysikGarchingGermany
  2. 2.Dept. of Physics & Astronomy, Kinard LabClemson UniversityClemsonUSA
  3. 3.Institut d’Astrophysique de ParisParisFrance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91929-4
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-91928-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-91929-4
  • Series Print ISSN 0067-0057
  • Series Online ISSN 2214-7985
  • Buy this book on publisher's site