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Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement, Volume 1

Cellular Approaches

  • Satbir Singh Gosal
  • Shabir Hussain Wani

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Satbir Singh Gosal, Shabir Hussain Wani
    Pages 1-55
  3. Ajinder Kaur, Pawan K. Malhotra, Pooja Manchanda, Satbir Singh Gosal
    Pages 57-91
  4. Pooja Manchanda, Manav Inder Singh Gill, Swati Megha, Satbir Singh Gosal
    Pages 93-129
  5. Shuchishweta Vinay Kendurkar, Mamatha Rangaswamy
    Pages 159-214
  6. Amanpreet Kaur, Davinder Singh, Varsha, Nidhi Gupta, Anil Kumar
    Pages 215-241
  7. Pooja Thapa, Amita Bhattacharya, Priyanka Sood, Kiran Devi, Anil Sood
    Pages 243-265
  8. Pooja Manchanda, Ajinder Kaur, Satbir Singh Gosal
    Pages 299-326
  9. Nelofer Jan, Hilal Ahmad Qazi, Salika Ramzan, Riffat John
    Pages 327-372
  10. Krishan Kumar, Manav Indra Singh Gill, Satbir Singh Gosal
    Pages 373-406
  11. Navraj Kaur Sarao, Satbir Singh Gosal
    Pages 407-435
  12. Puja Srivastava, Navtej Singh Bains
    Pages 437-461
  13. Janine Croser, Federico Ribalta, Maria Pazos Navarro, Christine Munday, Richard Bennett, Parwinder Kaur et al.
    Pages 463-486

About this book

Introduction

During the past 15 years, cellular and molecular approaches have emerged as valuable adjuncts to supplement and complement conventional breeding methods for a wide variety of crop plants. Biotechnology increasingly plays a role in the creation, conservation, characterization and utilization of genetic variability for germplasm enhancement. For instance, anther/microspore culture, somaclonal variation, embryo culture and somatic hybridization are being exploited for obtaining incremental improvement in the existing cultivars. In addition, genes that confer insect- and disease-resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance and quality traits have been isolated and re-introduced into otherwise sensitive or susceptible species by a variety of transgenic techniques.  Together these transformative methodologies grant access to a greater repertoire of genetic diversity as the gene(s) may come from viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, animals, human beings, unrelated plants or even be artificially derived. Remarkable achievements have been made in the production, characterization, field evaluation and commercialization of transgenic crop varieties worldwide. Likewise, significant advances have been made towards increasing crop yields, improving nutritional quality, enabling crops to be raised under adverse conditions and developing resistance to pests and diseases for sustaining global food and nutritional security. The overarching purpose of this 3-volume work is to summarize the history of crop improvement from a technological perspective but to do so with a forward outlook on further advancement and adaptability to a changing world.  Our carefully chosen “case studies of important plant crops” intend to serve a diverse spectrum of audience looking for the right tools to tackle complicated local and global issues.

Keywords

crop improvement biotechnology food security abiotic stress biotic stress molecular breeding

Editors and affiliations

  • Satbir Singh Gosal
    • 1
  • Shabir Hussain Wani
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Agricultural BiotechnologyPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Mountain Research Centre for Field Crops, KhudwaniSher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural, Sciences and Technology of KashmirSrinagarIndia

Bibliographic information