The Programming Approach and the Demise of Economics

Volume I: A Revival of Myrdal, Frisch, Tinbergen, Johansen and Leontief

  • Franco Archibugi

About this book


In this book – the first of three volumes – Franco Archibugi sets out to create an epistemology

of economics, arguing for a radical overturning of the conventional analysis from a

“positive” approach to a “programming” approach. This overturning leads to a reappraisal

of the foundations of Economics itself, and to an improved integration of Economics as an

autonomous discipline alongside Sociology, Political Science, Operational Research, Social

Engineering and Physical or Spatial Planning.

The author interrogates how scientific the social sciences really are before proposing a new

scientific paradigm for the social sciences, a political preference function and a general

programming approach. The chapters revisit hitherto neglected economists like Gunnar

Myrdal, Ragnar Frisch, Vassili Leontief, and Leif Johansen, using their theory to overturn the

epistemological approach of the entire science of economics.

Volume II explores oppositions to the traditional and conventional teaching of economics,

whilst Volume III presents a concrete and practical example of how to build a Planning

Accounting Framework (PAF), as associated with Frisch’s ‘plan-frame’ (explored in Volume II),

to demonstrate the extent to which decisions and negotiations can be routed in the social



Epistemology of economics Political and social governance Determinist approach Positivist approach Scandinavian and Dutch schools of economic thought Anglo-American schools of economic thought

Authors and affiliations

  • Franco Archibugi
    • 1
  1. 1.RomeItaly

Bibliographic information