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Data Privacy Games

  • Lei Xu
  • Chunxiao Jiang
  • Yi Qian
  • Yong Ren

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Lei Xu, Chunxiao Jiang, Yi Qian, Yong Ren
    Pages 1-43
  3. Lei Xu, Chunxiao Jiang, Yi Qian, Yong Ren
    Pages 45-57
  4. Lei Xu, Chunxiao Jiang, Yi Qian, Yong Ren
    Pages 59-88
  5. Lei Xu, Chunxiao Jiang, Yi Qian, Yong Ren
    Pages 89-118
  6. Lei Xu, Chunxiao Jiang, Yi Qian, Yong Ren
    Pages 119-149
  7. Lei Xu, Chunxiao Jiang, Yi Qian, Yong Ren
    Pages 151-177
  8. Lei Xu, Chunxiao Jiang, Yi Qian, Yong Ren
    Pages 179-181

About this book

Introduction

With the growing popularity of “big data”, the potential value of personal data has attracted more and more attention. Applications built on personal data can create tremendous social and economic benefits. Meanwhile, they bring serious threats to individual privacy. The extensive collection, analysis and transaction of personal data make it difficult for an individual to keep the privacy safe. People now show more concerns about privacy than ever before. How to make a balance between the exploitation of personal information and the protection of individual privacy has become an urgent issue.

In this book, the authors use methodologies from economics, especially game theory, to investigate solutions to the balance issue. They investigate the strategies of stakeholders involved in the use of personal data, and try to find the equilibrium. 

The book proposes a user-role based methodology to investigate the privacy issues in data mining, identifying four different types of users, i.e. four user roles, involved in data mining applications. For each user role, the authors discuss its privacy concerns and the strategies that it can adopt to solve the privacy problems.

The book also proposes a simple game model to analyze the interactions among data provider, data collector and data miner. By solving the equilibria of the proposed game, readers can get useful guidance on how to deal with the trade-off between privacy and data utility. Moreover, to elaborate the analysis on data collector’s strategies, the authors propose a contract model and a multi-armed bandit model respectively.

The authors discuss how the owners of data (e.g. an individual or a data miner) deal with the trade-off between privacy and utility in data mining. Specifically, they study users’ strategies in collaborative filtering based recommendation system and distributed classification system. They built game models to formulate the interactions among data owners, and propose learning algorithms to find the equilibria.

Keywords

data mining privacy preserving game theory differential privacy satisfaction equilibrium data market contract theory bandit learning location privacy point-of-interest recommendation stochastic game reinforcement learning data pricing

Authors and affiliations

  • Lei Xu
    • 1
  • Chunxiao Jiang
    • 2
  • Yi Qian
    • 3
  • Yong Ren
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Computer Science and TechnologyBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Tsinghua Space CenterTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Peter Kiewit Institute 206BUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnOmahaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Electronic EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-77965-2
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Computer Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-77964-5
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-77965-2
  • Buy this book on publisher's site