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Geology and Tectonics of Northwestern South America

The Pacific-Caribbean-Andean Junction

  • Fabio Cediel
  • Robert Peter Shaw

Part of the Frontiers in Earth Sciences book series (FRONTIERS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxv
  2. Regional Overview

  3. The Guiana Shield and the Andean Belt

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 113-113
  4. Early Paleozoic Tectono-Sedimentary History

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 193-193
  5. Major Tectono-Magmatic Events

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 251-251
    2. Hildebrando Leal-Mejía, Robert P. Shaw, Joan Carles Melgarejo i Draper
      Pages 253-410
    3. Robert P. Shaw, Hildebrando Leal-Mejía, Joan Carles Melgarejo i Draper
      Pages 411-549
    4. José F. Duque-Trujillo, Teresa Orozco-Esquivel, Carlos Javier Sánchez, Andrés L. Cárdenas-Rozo
      Pages 551-601
    5. M. I. Marín-Cerón, H. Leal-Mejía, M. Bernet, J. Mesa-García
      Pages 603-648
  6. The Northern Andean Orogen

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 649-649
    2. Fabio Colmenares, Laura Román García, Johan M. Sánchez, Juan C. Ramirez
      Pages 651-672
    3. Sergio A. Restrepo-Moreno, David A. Foster, Matthias Bernet, Kyoungwon Min, Santiago Noriega
      Pages 749-832
    4. César Vinasco
      Pages 833-876
  7. Continental Uplift-Drift

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 877-877
    2. Mauricio A. Bermúdez, Matthias Bernet, Barry P. Kohn, Stephanie Brichau
      Pages 879-898
  8. Active Oceanic — Continental Collision

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 899-899
    2. Stewart D. Redwood
      Pages 901-932
  9. Holocene — Anthropocene

  10. Back Matter
    Pages 983-1001

About this book

Introduction

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the geological evolution of the Northern Andes and contiguous shield areas, with a focus upon Colombia. Updated geological interpretations are supported by modern lithogeochemical, seismic, gravity and magnetic data and radiogenic isotope and radiometric age determinations. The composite data permits a detailed interpretation of the tectono-magmatic history of the Northern Andean Block, including the Andes of Colombia, northern Ecuador, western Venezuela and eastern Panamá.

Tectonic reconstructions based upon characterization of more than thirty litho-tectonic and morpho-structural units, terrane assemblages and tectonic realms, and their bounding suture and fault systems, highlight the intimate and complementary Mesozoic-Cenozoic history of the Northern Andean Block and the Pacific and Caribbean Plates.

The complex nature of Northern Andean assembly contrasts with ‘‘classical’’ Central Andean ‘‘Cordilleran-type’’ orogenic models. Differences render the application of typical Cordilleran-type models inappropriate for the Colombian Andes.

The importance of underlying Proterozoic through mid-Mesozoic elements, in the development of Meso-Cenozoic Northern Andean orogeny-phase tectonic configurations is analyzed in the light of spatial-temporal studies and reconstructions related to basin formation, sedimentation, deformation, uplift mechanisms, structural style and magmatic evolution. The pre-Andean architecture of north western South America has played a pre-determinative role in the development of the Northern Andean orogenic system.

16 contributions analyze key stratigraphic, structural, metamorphic, magmatic and tectonic questions, and provide solutions as far as the most recent published field-based studies permit. The volume provides geological interpretations and tectonic models which contrast with repetitive theoretical proposals frequently found in the available literature.

Keywords

Geology of the Northwest South America Phanerozoic Orogenic Events in NW South America Petrography and Geochemistry of Phanerozoic Magmatism Cenozoic Northern Andean Volcanism Tectonic Assembly of Northwest South America The South Caribbean Margin Proterozoic to Cenozoic Geochronology of NW South America Structural Pattern of the Northern Andes Paleogeography of Colombia

Editors and affiliations

  • Fabio Cediel
    • 1
  • Robert Peter Shaw
    • 2
  1. 1.Consulting Geologist, Department of GeologyUniversity EAFITMedellínColombia
  2. 2.Consulting GeologistKelownaCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76132-9
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-76131-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-76132-9
  • Series Print ISSN 1863-4621
  • Series Online ISSN 1863-463X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site