Universal Biology after Aristotle, Kant, and Hegel

The Philosopher's Guide to Life in the Universe

  • Richard Dien Winfield

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Richard Dien Winfield
    Pages 1-3
  3. Richard Dien Winfield
    Pages 5-24
  4. Richard Dien Winfield
    Pages 25-55
  5. Richard Dien Winfield
    Pages 89-119
  6. Richard Dien Winfield
    Pages 121-169
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 171-177

About this book


Here is a universal biology that draws upon the contributions of Aristotle, Kant, and Hegel to unravel the mystery of life and conceive what is essential to living things anywhere they may arise. The book develops a philosopher’s guide to life in the universe, conceiving how nature becomes a biosphere in which life can emerge, what are the basic life processes common to any organism, how evolution can give rise to the different possible forms of life, and what distinguishes the essential life forms from one another. 


biological processes organic nature biosphere causality self sufficiency

Authors and affiliations

  • Richard Dien Winfield
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

Bibliographic information