Insights into the Chemistry of Organic Structure-Directing Agents in the Synthesis of Zeolitic Materials

  • Luis Gómez-Hortigüela

Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 175)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Alessandro Turrina, Paul A. Cox
    Pages 75-102
  3. Fernando Rey, Jorge Simancas
    Pages 103-138
  4. Abigail E. Watts, Alessandro Turrina, Paul A. Wright
    Pages 179-200
  5. Luis Gómez-Hortigüela, Beatriz Bernardo-Maestro
    Pages 201-244
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 245-250

About this book


This edited volume focuses on the host-guest chemistry of organic molecules and inorganic systems during synthesis (structure-direction).  Organic molecules have been used for many years in the synthesis of zeolitic nanoporous frameworks. The addition of these organic molecules to the zeolite synthesis mixtures provokes a particular ordering of the inorganic units around them that directs the crystallization pathway towards a particular framework type; hence they are called structure-directing agents. Their use has allowed the discovery of an extremely large number of new zeolite frameworks and compositions. 

This volume covers the main aspects of the use of organic molecules as structure-directing agents for the synthesis of zeolites, including first an introduction of the main concepts, then two chapters covering state-of-the-art techniques currently used to understand the structure-directing phenomenon (location of molecules by XRD and molecular modeling techniques). The most recent trends in the types of organic molecules used as structure-directing agents are also presented, including the use of metal-complexes, the use of non-ammonium-based molecules (mainly phosphorus-based compounds) and the role of supramolecular chemistry in designing new large organic structure-directing agents produced by self-aggregation. In addition the volume explores the latest research attempting to transfer the asymmetric nature of organic chiral molecules used as structure-directing agents to the zeolite lattice to produce chiral enantioselective frameworks, one of the biggest challenges today in materials chemistry. 

This volume has interdisciplinary appeal and will engage scholars from the zeolite community with a general interest in microporous materials, which involves not only zeolite scientists, but also researchers working on metal-organic framework materials.  The concepts covered will also be of interest for researchers working on the application of materials after encapsulation of molecules of interest in post-synthetic treatments. Further the work explores the main aspects of host-guest chemistry in hybrid organo-inorganic templated materials, which covers all types of materials where organic molecules are used as templates and are confined within framework-structured inorganic materials (intercalation compounds). Therefore the volume is also relevant to the wider materials chemistry community.


Zeolite frameworks Organic molecules Chiral organic structure Zeolite synthesis Organic Structure-Directing Agents

Editors and affiliations

  • Luis Gómez-Hortigüela
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Catálisis y Petroleoquímica - CSICMadridSpain

Bibliographic information