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Optimization of Behavioral, Biobehavioral, and Biomedical Interventions

The Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST)

  • Linda M. Collins

Part of the Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences book series (SSBS)

Table of contents

About this book

Introduction

This book presents a framework for development, optimization, and evaluation of behavioral,  biobehavioral, and biomedical interventions.  Behavioral, biobehavioral, and biomedical interventions are programs with the objective of improving and maintaining human health and well-being, broadly defined, in individuals, families, schools, organizations, or communities.  These interventions may be aimed at, for example, preventing or treating disease, promoting physical and mental health, preventing violence, or improving academic achievement.  

This volume introduces the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST), pioneered at The Methodology Center at the Pennsylvania State University, as an alternative to the classical approach of relying solely on the randomized controlled trial (RCT).  MOST borrows heavily from perspectives taken and approaches used in engineering, and also integrates concepts from statistics and behavioral science, including the RCT.  As described in detail in this book, MOST consists of three phases: preparation, in which the conceptual model underlying the intervention is articulated; optimization, in which experimentation is used to gather the information necessary to identify the optimized intervention; and evaluation, in which the optimized intervention is evaluated in a standard RCT.  Through numerous examples, the book demonstrates that MOST can be used to develop interventions that are more effective, efficient, economical, and scalable.

Optimization of Behavioral, Biobehavioral, and Biomedical Interventions: The Multiphase Optimization Strategy is the first book to present a comprehensive introduction to MOST. It will be an essential resource for behavioral, biobehavioral, and biomedical scientists; statisticians, biostatisticians, and analysts working in epidemiology and public health; and graduate-level courses in development and evaluation of interventions.

Keywords

Behavioral Intervention Experimental design Factorial experiment Fractional factorial experiment MOST Multiphase optimization strategy Optimized behavioral interventions

Authors and affiliations

  • Linda M. Collins
    • 1
  1. 1.The Methodology CenterThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72206-1
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Mathematics and Statistics
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-72205-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-72206-1
  • Series Print ISSN 2199-7357
  • Series Online ISSN 2199-7365
  • Buy this book on publisher's site