© 2018

China and India’s Development Cooperation in Africa

The Rise of Southern Powers

  • Reveals differences and commonalities between Chinese and Indian development cooperation in Africa

  • Demonstrates that humanitarian concerns are an important foreign policy determinant for China and India

  • Analyses data between 2000 and present day using AidData


Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

About this book


This book offers an explanation of the determinants of China and India’s development cooperation in Africa. After collecting over one thousand development cooperation projects by China and India in Africa between 2000 and the present day with the assistance of AidData, it applies the method of qualitative comparative analysis (QCA). The author posits that neither China nor India were solely motivated by one causal factor, whether strategic interests, economic interests, humanitarian interests, or the size of the diaspora. Indeed China and India are driven by multiple and conjunctural causal factors in providing more development cooperation to some countries than others on the African continent. The findings demonstrate the social complexity of the determinants of development cooperation. Indeed only when some of these respective causal factors are combined is it evident that China and India disbursed high levels of development cooperation to some African countries.


International Political Economy African Development Chinese Development Indian Development Southern powers Global South Humanitarian aid Diaspora Development cooperarion Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) Boolean algebra Tralac India–Brazil–South Africa (IBSA) Dialogue Forum Financial Resources Africa China AidData economic interests Sustainable development goals

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Global DialogueAssociated with the University of South Africa (UNISA)PretoriaSouth Africa

About the authors

Philani Mthembu is Executive Director at the Institute for Global Dialogue, associated with the University of South Africa (UNISA) in Pretoria, South Africa. He was previously based at the Freie Universität Berlin, Germany and the School of International Studies at Renmin University in Beijing, China. He co-founded the Berlin Forum on Global Politics.

Bibliographic information