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Nitrogen Capture

The Growth of an International Industry (1900–1940)

  • Anthony S. Travis

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 1-7
  3. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 9-18
  4. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 19-37
  5. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 39-48
  6. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 49-92
  7. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 93-127
  8. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 129-149
  9. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 151-190
  10. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 191-223
  11. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 225-264
  12. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 265-279
  13. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 281-294
  14. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 295-309
  15. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 311-327
  16. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 329-346
  17. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 347-360
  18. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 361-369
  19. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 371-378
  20. Anthony S. Travis
    Pages 383-385
  21. Anthony S. Travis, Priyanka Das
    Pages E1-E1
  22. Back Matter
    Pages 387-411

About this book

Introduction

This monograph provides an account of how the synthetic nitrogen industry became the forerunner of the 20th-century chemical industry in Europe, the United States and Asia. Based on an earlier SpringerBrief by the same author, which focused on the period of World War I, it expands considerably on the international aspects of the development of the synthetic nitrogen industry in the decade and a half following the war, including the new technologies that rivalled the Haber-Bosch ammonia process. Travis describes the tremendous global impact of fixed nitrogen (as calcium cyanamide and ammonia), including the perceived strategic need for nitrogen (mainly for munitions), and, increasingly, its role in increasing crop yields, including in Italy under Mussolini, and in the Soviet Union under Stalin. The author also reviews the situation in Imperial Japan, including the earliest adoption of the Italian Casale ammonia process, from 1923, and the role of fixed nitrogen in the industrialization of colonial Korea from the late 1920s. Chemists, historians of science and technology, and those interested in world fertilizer production and the development of chemical industry during the first four decades of the twentieth century will find this book of considerable value.  

Keywords

Kristian Birkeland Samuel Eyde Adolph Frank Nikodem Caro Carl Bosch Fritz Haber Modern chemical industry Cyanamide Ammonia Synthetic nitrogen products

Authors and affiliations

  • Anthony S. Travis
    • 1
  1. 1.Sidney M. Edelstein Center for the History and Philosophy of Science, Technology and MedicineThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael

Bibliographic information